Fatty hepatosis (in another way fatty degeneration, or obesity of the liver) is a group of reversible, dystrophic, chronic liver disease caused by the accumulation of a large number of lipids. At present, there is a rapid growth of this diseases due to systematic disorders in nutrition, as well as an incorrect lifestyle of a person. It is possible to stop the development of the disease by revealing the factors that affect the onset of fatty hepatosis. Changes for the better are observed after a month with timely treatment
Fat hepatosis of the cause
The causes of fatty hepatosis are many, but the main ones are excessive alcohol consumption and obesity. Surprisingly, a fat vegetarian diet can lead to fatty degeneration. The cause is a violation of carbohydrate metabolism due to a lack of proteins in the diet. The achievement of civilization and their benefits have changed the way of life of many people. It is a car seat and a computer chair, a cozy home sofa. This behavior led to stagnation of fluid and the occurrence of fatty hepatosis. The following reasons are overweight, metabolic syndrome, overeating, fasting, rapid weight loss, complete parenteral nutrition, drug overdose, drugs, toxins, industrial pesticides, gasoline, soil bacterium Bacillus cereus. People with such diseases as hyperglycemia, hyperuricemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hepatitis (steatohepatitis), hypertension and low level of lipoproteins are at risk. Weber-Crischen's disease, Reye's syndrome, Konovalov-Wilson's disease, Wolman's disease, anastamoses, gastritis, diverticula, human papillomaviruses, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency are the factors of the development of fatty liver hepatosis. The basis of the pathogenesis of fatty hepatosis lies in the violation of the metabolism of fats. The reason lies in the resistance to insulin, and as a result, the transport of fatty acids to the liver increases. In parallel, the occurrence of fatty hepatosis involved the inhibition of receptors. Toxins, alcohol, drugs can damage cellular mitochondria, which leads to the utilization of fatty acids
Degrees of fatty hepatosis
There are four degrees of fatty hepatosis. At zero degree, small droplets of fat attack individual groups of liver cells. At the I-st grade, moderately expressed, as well as large-droplet obesity of hepatic cells is observed. At the II-degree of fatty liver hepatosis, small-droplet, medium-drop, large-droplet intracellular obesity is observed. At the third degree of fatty liver hepatosis, diffuse large-droplet obesity with extracellular obesity is observed, as well as the formation of fatty cysts
Symptoms of fatty hepatosis
This disease has a peculiarity to proceed asymptomatically and is determined reliably by ultrasound. Levels of hepatic enzymes (ALT, AST) can constantly fluctuate and rise in 50% of cases, which causes difficulties in diagnosing the disease. ). A prolonged inflammatory process in the liver can give rise to a new disease of liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma ( liver cancer ).
With severe symptomatology of fatty hepatosis, the patient feels heaviness, as well as discomfort in the right upper quadrant. The liver from under a costal arch up to 5 sm can moderately increase, and the US will show the clarified liver with the increased ehogennostju. Dopplerography of the liver shows a decrease in blood flow. Computer tomography can show a lower density than the spleen. Symptoms of progressive disease are nausea, pain in the epigastric part, aching sensations in the right upper quadrant, phenomena of flatulence
Fatty hepatosis treatment
Treatment of fatty liver hepatosis reduces to the elimination of factors that cause fatty liver dystrophy, includes correction of metabolism, detoxification and liver repair. Along with medications, an important role is played by the lifestyle of the ill person, as well as the correction of his eating behavior.
Medical treatment of fatty hepatosis includes membrane stabilizing and antioxidant drugs, which are divided into three groups:
- The first group contains essential phospholipids, their role is to protect hepatocytes. These include Essentiale forte, phosphoglue, essliver forte, berlition
- The second group contains sulfoamino acids. This methionine, taurine, ademethionine
- The third group includes vegetable raw materials. They include Liv, Karsil
Berlition prescribed in a dose of 300 mg (1 table) twice a day to 2 months. In severe dynamics, Berlition is administered intravenously up to 600 mg for two weeks, followed by a transition to 300-600 mg per day in tablets.
Essentiale appoint up to 2 capsules (600 mg) 3 times a day. Duration of treatment is up to 3 months. Gradually lowering the dosage to 1 capsule 3 times a day.
An effective membrane-stabilizing drug is artichoke - Hofitol. Assign before meals (3 times a day) for three tablets a course of 3 weeks.
Particular importance is given to the treatment of fatty hepatosis taurine. Preparations with its content are Dibikor, Taufon. The drugs are valuable in that they have several mechanisms: membrane-stabilizing and antioxidant.
Antioxidant vitamin E, vitamin C, selenium is useful, but in small amounts. Niacin, ribovolavin helps with liver detoxification
Folk treatment of fatty hepatosis
You can resort to treatment with herbs Curcuma (Turceric), Turmeric (Turmeric). The ginger family has antioxidant activity, which lowers the level of sugar. It is available as a medical preparation Chagolol. Assign 10 drops before meals (on a piece of sugar) three times a day for 6 weeks.
Effective milk thistle (milk thistle). Available in the form of thistle oil and Gepabene. The drug is given on the capsule three times a day, and with pain, the dosage is increased to 4 capsules.
Sorrel is curly able to reduce the amount of fat in the liver. Prepare the broth and take a tablespoon to the main meals
Prevention of fatty hepatosis
Prevention includes the right way of life, hyperdynamics (muscular activity), daily feasible workouts of 30 minutes, walking tours, climbing stairs, monitoring food intake and avoiding overeating. It is recommended to reduce weight to 500 grams per week
Diet for fatty hepatosis
Patients are recommended to adhere to special diets developed by the Soviet dietician M.I. Pevzner. These include diet number 5, table number 5 and diet number 5a, as well as diet number 8, table number 8. These diets are aimed at relieving the exacerbation of the disease and complete cure. The diet should include cottage cheese, buckwheat, oatmeal, wheat cereals, brown rice, vegetables, artichokes, fruits, fish, sea products. The products preferably are steamed, baked or boiled. The liquid consumed per day should reach two liters. It is necessary to limit the consumption of fatty dairy products, sugar, sweet lemonades, fats, white pastries, ready-made breakfasts of cereals, margarine, jam, but alcohol must be completely ruled out or at least washed down with water. Try to use dietary fiber, which is rich in bran, bread from wholemeal.
Do not run your disease, make an effort and fatty hepatosis necessarily retreat, but remember that with the resumption of the usual way of life, everything will return to its place. It should be noted that this disease occurs due to the person's own fault. This disease appeared due to "the achievement of civilization." These are coloring, flavoring E supplements. Be careful when choosing products, giving preference to natural. At every step, we are tempted by baking, sweets, refined carbohydrates and as a result in the body there is a metabolic disorder, as well as accompanying diseases. Propaganda of alcohol, Coca-Cola type drinks, destroy the liver and cause drug addiction. Medicinal hepatosis is able to overtake the slender, as well as athletic people. All the fault is the use of medical, synthetic drugs that poison the liver. Particularly dangerous antibiotics are tetracycline, as well as hormonal drugs. When preparing dishes, it is important to consider the dishes in which we cook. From teflon, microwave ovens and aluminum dishes it is better to refuse.