Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease and is caused by a bacterium. Chlamydia trachomatis. This bacterium is a unique microorganism living inside a living cell (like a virus), but in its structure is similar to a bacterium. Thanks to this dual nature, as well as the ability parasitize inside cells - chlamydia is difficult to cure. The manifestations of this disease are usually absent or very small, therefore quite a lot of cases of chlamydia remain unnoticed, due to which due treatment begins with a serious delay and only after obvious serious complications develop
Ways of infection with chlamydia
In most cases, infection with this disease occurs during vaginal or anal sexual contact (less often oral). . In addition, it is possible to infect a newborn, when passing through the birth canal of a sick mother with the subsequent development of pneumonia and conjunctivitis .
Especially prone to chlamydia young women and teenage girls, both because of their natural physiological characteristics, and because of increased sexual activity. Men are at risk of contracting this disease not only with heterosexual, but also with homosexual intercourse. The probability of infection with chlamydia in unprotected sex with the carrier of infection is about 50%. The incubation period of this disease is one to three weeks
Due to the fact that the disease is often very secretive, 50% of infected men and about 75% of infected women have no manifestations of this disease. The manifestations of chlamydia can develop as a rule in one to three weeks from the time of infection.
Men in the acute period of chlamydia have turbid / transparent discharge from the penis, unpleasant or painful sensations when urinating, itching and burning in the area of the outlet of the urethra. After the end of the acute period, obvious manifestations of chlamydia disappear and the disease passes into a hidden internal process.
), появляются неприятные или болевые ощущения при мочеиспускании, боли в поясничной области и внизу живота, возможно незначительное повышение общей температуры тела и тошнота. In women, at the initial stage, chlamydia affects the urinary tract and cervix, resulting in unusual vaginal discharge ( bleeding ) at an acute stage, unpleasant or painful sensations of urination, pain in the lumbar region and in the lower abdomen, possibly a slight increase in overall body temperature and nausea . Pain during sexual intercourse is added, after which bleeding may occur; sometimes there are bleeding between menstruation
Possible complications of chlamydia
, уретрит. In men: epididymitis (inflammation of the cord and the vas deferens), vesiculitis (inflammation of the testicles), prostatitis , urethritis.
, эндометрит, вагинит, вестибулит. In women: pelvioperitonitis, bartholinitis , endometritis, vaginitis, vestibulitis.
In most cases, chlamydia in women does not have obvious clinical manifestations, as a result of which the infection is detected at a late stage, when the inflammatory process has spread to the ovaries, fallopian tubes, endometrium, cervix and pelvic peritoneum. Chlamydia in pregnant women significantly increases the risk of miscarriage and premature placental abruption
Treatment of chlamydia consists in carrying out antibacterial therapy in conjunction with the use of immunostimulants and multivitamins, refusal for the period of treatment for sexual activity and from drinking alcohol, observance of a specially developed diet.
A sexual partner of a sick person must also undergo an appropriate examination and, if necessary, a course of treatment, otherwise with a high degree of probability it can be said about repeated infection with this infection.