Vitiligo treatment

Vitiligo (piebald skin, sings, leukopathy) is one of the most difficult in the treatment of chronic skin diseases. This disease occurs due to the disappearance of pigment melanin, which is responsible for skin color. As a result, areas of depigmentation (areas lacking the pigment of melanin) may appear on any parts of the body, and the hairline in the affected areas becomes discolored.
Vitiligo affects people regardless of gender and race, but is most common in women and young people under the age of twenty. This disease does not cause the patient any painful or unpleasant sensations and is rather a kind of cosmetic problem, however according to the doctors, vitiligo is a visual reminder of the existence of serious disorders in the body

Vitiligo - the causes of

To date, the exact causes of the onset and development of vitiligo are not defined. According to the unfounded assumptions of doctors, the most likely causes are:
- Autoimmune processes
- Mental traumas
- Endocrine disorders (dysfunction of the pituitary gland, adrenal glands, gonads and thyroid gland)
- Hereditary predisposition (recorded cases of family illness)
- Violations of the autonomic nervous system
- Postponed infectious diseases
- Chronic diseases of internal organs
In most reported cases, the development of vitiligo disease occurs gradually, but in individual patients melanin leaves the skin cells very quickly.
Discoloration (depigmentation) of the skin is able to provoke worms (helminths) that disrupt the normal activity of the endocrine glands, which leads to a deficiency in the body of copper. Due to the de-worming, such patients were cured

Vitiligo - Symptoms

Vitiligo has a chronic course, it causes discomfort and depresses the patient morally. At the onset of the disease, milky white or slightly pink spots appear on the skin, which gradually increase, acquiring clear boundaries, different sizes and oval or round outlines. As the disease progresses further, these spots grow, merge with each other, thus forming quite extensive lesions. Foci can be multiple or single and located in any area of ​​the skin of a person, but most often they are observed on the neck, face, upper and lower extremities, in the folds of the anus and the external genitalia.
Vitiligo is divided into several types, which directly depend on the spread of depigmentation:
- General pattern: uniform distribution of depigmentation throughout the body (the most common variety)
- Local pattern: one or more limited depigmentation zones
- Segmental pattern: individual spots of depigmentation are located on one side of the body
- Total stage: defeat of almost all skin
White depigmentation spots on the skin is not the only symptom of vitiligo, in some cases, there may be irritation and inflammation of the skin

Vitiligo - treatment

To date, it is not possible to completely cure vitiligo, but thanks to the existing modern methods of treatment, significant progress can be made.
The most effective methods of treatment of vitiligo :
- Phytotherapy: rubbing the juices of medicinal plants (figs, strawberries, red capsicum, parsnips) into the affected areas of the skin
- Phototherapy (ultraviolet radiation excluding taking medications)
- Photochemotherapy (ultraviolet irradiation of affected skin areas in conjunction with the use of medications that stimulate melanogenesis)
Also, patients suffering from vitiligo are strongly encouraged to expose their skin to direct sunlight as little as possible.
Some tips how to protect from the effects of sun rays affected by vitiligo skin:
- Use headwear and protective clothing
- Do not be in the sun during hours of maximum solar activity
- Apply a lotion or cream protecting against ultraviolet light.
- Using cosmetics to hide damaged skin

More articles on this topic:

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2. Darya's disease