Types of diseases and treatment of the kidneys
Kidney diseases are diseases directly related to various pathological changes that have occurred in the organs of the genitourinary system. почки, пионефроз, пиелонефрит . The most common inflammatory diseases of the kidney: tuberculosis of the kidney, pionephrosis, pyelonephritis . And the most serious and often occurring complications that have occurred against these diseases are chronic and acute renal failure and urosepsis.
With kidney diseases, discharge functions are violated, which is manifested primarily in the change in the composition and quantity of urine. If the proper functioning of the kidneys is violated, the substances necessary for vital activity are removed from the human body, while the harmful substances remain. , цистинурия. Consequently, chronic glomerulonephritis, oxaluria, chronic pyelonephritis, urinary tract infections, chronic renal failure, urolithiasis , cystinuria occur.
наиболее часто встречается как следствие продолжительных болезней почек, либо других заболеваний (гломерулонефрита, подагры или сахарного диабета ). Chronic renal failure is most often seen as a result of prolonged kidney disease, or other diseases (glomerulonephritis, gout or diabetes ).
своими симптомами очень напоминает отравление ядом, количество мочи катастрофически уменьшается, АД падает практически до предела. Acute renal failure with its symptoms is very similar to poisoning by poison, the amount of urine catastrophically decreases, blood pressure drops almost to the limit. In this case, without urgent resuscitation, a fatal outcome may occur
Symptoms of diseases
The general clinical picture of all kidney diseases:
- Falling efficiency and increased fatigue
- Decreased appetite, apathy and drowsiness
- Inflammation of the mouth
- Frequent urination with a large amount of urine
- Nausea and vomiting
, чередующиеся с поносами - Constipation , alternating with diarrhea
It is also possible the emergence of endocrinological disorders - a violation of the menstrual cycle, impotence, etc.
The most common kidney diseases
Kidney of the kidneys
It is a benign neoplasm in the form of a spherical cavity filled with liquid. In this case, treatment with the percutaneous puncture method is effective enough when evacuation of the contents takes place and a special gluing agent is introduced into the cavity. However, this method of treatment is not able to save from relapses and moreover - you can puncture not all types of kidney cyst.
Perhaps this is one of the most common kidney diseases. With this disease as a result of the inflammatory process, the bowel-tubular system and the tubule of the kidneys are affected, and as the disease progresses, the glomeruli and kidney vessels are affected.
It is manifested by excretion of urine oxalates - oxalic acid salts, with obvious symptoms of metabolic disorders
Treatment of all kidney diseases begins primarily with a diet. Particular attention should be paid to the amount of protein in the food consumed. In case of a fairly neglected disease, its quantity in the daily ration should not exceed twenty grams (but not more than four weeks!). It is also necessary to limit the use of potassium.
Treatment of the kidneys does not in any way imply mandatory surgical intervention, up to the complete removal of the diseased organ with subsequent transplantation (as many think). In inflammatory diseases of the kidneys, certain antibiotics are most often prescribed, depending on the type of bacteria that caused the specific disease.
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