Ureaplasmosis is a chronic disease-prone disease caused by a unicellular microorganism Ureaplasma urealyticum. This causative agent is related to conditionally pathogenic microorganisms due to the fact that it is capable of causing an inflammatory disease of the genitourinary organs only under certain conditions, or in combination with other similar opportunistic microorganisms.
For your information: Ureaplasmas are the smallest bacteria that live on the mucous membranes of the genital organs and urinary tract of man. Not so long ago ureaplasmas related to mycoplasmas, but due to their ability to split urea, were withdrawn into a separate genus
In most cases, infection with ureaplasmosis occurs during sexual contact with a sick person, or with the carrier of the causative agent of the disease. There is a high probability of transmission of ureaplasmosis from the mother to the fetus during pregnancy (through amniotic fluid), and also during the passage of the child through the birth canal during labor (microbes can get into the genital tract of the baby and remain there in the inactive state for the rest of his life).
: Also to the reasons for the development of ureaplasmosis include the following factors :
- Unprotected sex
- Postponed sexually transmitted diseases
- Early onset of sexual activity
- Postponed gynecological diseases
- Frequent change of sexual partners
- Age group up to thirty years
In addition, an increase in the opportunistic microflora, which includes ureaplasma, can be triggered by a deterioration in the quality of life, constant stressful situations, hormone therapy drugs, antibiotics, radioactive irradiation and other factors that reduce the immune defense of the human body
Symptoms of ureaplasmosis do not appear immediately and may not disturb a person for a sufficiently long period of time. As a consequence, the carrier of this disease may not even know anything about it, thus continuing to infect its sexual partners for a fairly long period. In some cases, the absence of symptoms of this disease leads to its transition to the chronic stage of the course, which can lead to quite serious consequences for normal human health. Often there are cases when children who are infected with ureaplasmosis during childbirth, after a certain period of time, self-healing occurs (especially in boys).
The first symptoms of ureaplasmosis appear after two to four weeks from the time of infection, and in most cases they are so insignificant that they practically do not bother patients (most often it is observed in women)
. Symptoms of ureaplasmosis in men: scanty turbid or clear discharge from the urethra, burning and moderate pain when urinating, with simultaneous lesion of the prostate gland symptoms of prostatitis .
Symptoms of ureaplasmosis in women: irritation and itching of the vaginal mucosa, transparent meager discharge from the vagina, accompanied by pain in the abdomen. In some cases, painful urination and cervicitis may occur.
а , цистит а , везикулита, простатита, воспаления придатков матки, пиелонефрит а , к образованию спаек в маточных трубах, к преждевременным родам и самопроизвольным абортам. Lack of adequate timely prescribed treatment, as well as self-healing attempts, lead to the transition of ureaplasmosis to a chronic form, worsening the general condition of the body, which can lead to the development of endometritis, colpitis , cystitis , vesiculitis, prostatitis, inflammation of the uterine appendages, pyelonephritis , to the formation of adhesions in the fallopian tubes, to premature birth and spontaneous abortion. Over time, chronic ureaplasmosis can cause a narrowing of the urethra (urethral stricture).
. One of the most serious consequences of this disease is asthenospermia (reduced mobility and vital activity of spermatozoa), which is one of the types of male infertility . In addition to diseases of the genitourinary system, ureaplasma has a negative effect on the joints, causing their inflammation
To select the optimal regimen for the treatment of ureaplasmosis and further exclusion of recurrences of this disease, a bacterial culture is carried out, allowing to determine the sensitivity of a specific pathogenic organism to the use of a specific antibacterial drug. For the qualitative treatment of ureaplasmosis, antibiotics are used - macrolides, as well as preparations of the class of fluoroquinolones. In addition, it is necessary to take immunostimulating drugs to eliminate all conditions that reduce immune defense; use of local bactericidal agents, as well as carrying out physiotherapy procedures.
At the time of treatment, it is recommended to abstain from sexual activity in all its manifestations, be sure to follow the prescribed diet and not deviate from the recommendations and prescriptions of the attending physician.
Treatment of the sexual partner of the patient with ureaplasmosis should be carried out without fail!