Trichomoniasis (trichomoniasis) is the most common infection in the world, which is sexually transmitted, caused by the vaginal trichomonas Trichomonas vaginalis. According to the statistics of the World Health Organization, to date, on the globe trichomoniasis infected about 170 million people (but the actual number of patients can be much greater). Trichomoniasis affects both men and women equally, but the clinical manifestations of this disease are most often observed in women.
преимущественно происходит при половых контактах, однако не исключена передача трихомонады и бытовым путем (нижнее белье, купальники, полотенца и пр.) Infection with trichomoniasis predominantly occurs during sexual intercourse, however, trichomonads can not be transmitted by household means (underwear, swimsuits, towels, etc.)
Symptoms of trichomoniasis in women
There are yellow-green foamy vaginal discharge ), имеющие зачастую очень неприятный запах; ( whites ), which often have a very unpleasant smell; there are unpleasant sensations during urination and sexual contact; there is itching in the vagina. In women infected with trichomonas infection, the risk of developing cervical cancer increases. Also, patients with trichomoniasis often have premature births and there is a risk of developing female infertility
Symptoms of trichomoniasis in men
In 85% of cases, complaints are weak or completely absent. In other cases, in most cases, trichomoniasis is manifested by symptoms of urethritis (burning during and after sexual intercourse, and burning during urination). (от 80 до 90% пациентов) In men, a trichomonas infection usually affects the prostate gland, thereby causing the development of chronic prostatitis (from 80 to 90% of patients)
There is evidence that trichomoniasis contributes to the infection of a person with HIV infection.
To diagnose this disease, various methods are used to detect trichomonads (PCR diagnostics, culture method, light microscopy of the detachable)
For quality effective treatment of trichomoniasis, specific trichomonadic drugs are used, and treatment of this disease must necessarily be performed in both sexual partners (regardless of whether they had trichomonads during the study, or were not). At the time of treatment, it is necessary to completely abandon sexual relations and exclude the use of alcohol. In the case of strict adherence to the prescribed treatment regimen and the recommendations of the attending physician, in most cases the treatment of trichomoniasis is successful.
, это: здоровый половой партнер, а также использование презерватива при половом контакте. Prevention of trichomoniasis does not differ from the preventive measures applied to other sexually transmitted diseases , such as: a healthy sexual partner, and the use of a condom during sexual intercourse.