Cracks in the skin
Cracks in the skin are even defects that result from the loss of elasticity in the skin area. Cracks are formed usually in areas with increased folding of the skin or its increased tension (corners of the mouth, skin of hands, heel area, anus of the anus, in the area of large folds). For most, these phenomena and inconveniences directly related to them are well known.
Cracks in the skin are always painful, they tend to wet, bleed, burn and itch. Cracks can occur on the rough skin of the limbs and the delicate skin of the lips. However, it is worthwhile to know that cracks in the skin are usually only a symptom of a more significant pathology of metabolism.
Depending on the depth and / or nature of skin damage, epidermal (surface) and dermal (deep) cracks are identified. The first after healing usually leave almost no traces, but the latter after healing leave noticeable scars.
Cracks in the skin of the cause
Causes of superficial cracks are often: dry skin , eczematous rashes of the hands and feet, with finger epidermophytic feet, bacterial and fungal lesions of the corners of the mouth, in the area of diaper rash.
Deep cracks in the skin are specific symptoms for early congenital syphilis . They form around the mouth and leave behind the healing of the cyst-like scars.
If the premises are dry and hot air, then this is the appropriate environment where these damages occur. Dehydration of the body is manifested by dryness, and then by cracks. Frequent bathing and the use of washing chemistry result in the loss of the surface protective layer secreted by the skin. As a result, the skin quickly dries to form microscopic cracks.
Diseases of an allergic nature, such as atopic or contact dermatitis , often their manifestations are cracks in the skin. Places of constant friction and irritation are exposed to inflammation, mocclusion, and often cracks in the skin are formed on them.
If the hygiene standards are not respected, cracks in the skin may appear. Poor protection of the skin from frost or wind is also manifested by cracks.
Dry eczema can cause cracks in the skin. Men and women are equally affected by this disease. Such patients often have a tendency to atopy. Suffer from cracks in the skin in this disease can be different areas of the skin, but most often the lower extremities.
Another common pathology is jaundice, or cheilitis. These are cracks in the skin in the corners of the lips. The cause of their occurrence is bacterial, more often streptococcal and staphylococcal, an infection that is promoted by the alimentary deficiency of B vitamins and metabolic diseases. Candidiasis occurs in people with weakened immune system and long antibiotic therapy. The variant of streptococcal galloping is typical for children. But sometimes an apparent seizure may be a manifestation of erosive lesions in syphilis.
Cracks in the skin of hands
The skin of the hands is the very first and main barrier in the way of all chemicals. Therefore, some people have allergic reactions to substances with which there is a constant contact. There is a sensitization of the body with a chemical substance, and local manifestations of allergy appear in the form of eczema. Option is possible without sensitization. This is the so-called simple irritant dermatitis.
Cracks in the skin of the hands are often a cost to professional activities, household chores, caring for young children, frequent changes in wetting / drying cycles. Fiberglass, formaldehyde, acids, alkalis, oils, oxidants, solvents, resins and much more are all allergic agents.
Cracks on the skin of the hands can be on both the palmar and the back surfaces. They are accompanied by soreness, redness, burning.
Cracks on the skin of fingers
Cracks on the skin of the fingers are more likely to develop in women than in men. This is due to the frequency of contact with irritants. The resulting disease is a dyshidrotic eczema. It is characterized by the appearance of bubbles, later there are cracks in the skin of the fingers. Thus there is a moderate or strong itch. When combing, the bubbles burst, and a wet erosive skin surface is formed.
Cracks on the skin of the fingers appear on the folds of the phalanges and cause severe pain when flexing and flexing the fingers. The peak of the disease in women is at the beginning of the third decade of life, and in men - in the middle of the fourth decade. Over time, the symptoms of this disease are minimized and do not occur at all.
Cracks in the skin of the heels
Cracks in the skin of the heels are a very common phenomenon with no prevalence of either sex. Heels are the area of the body, which involves the entire body, so they experience increased pressure. Non-observance of hygiene rules can cause foot dermatosis . Inconvenient or not on the size of matched shoes with constant irritation of the heels area will cause cracks on the skin.
Diseases that alter the metabolism, contribute to changing the elastic properties of the skin and cause cracks in the skin. Such diseases include inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract of any localization, diabetes mellitus, alimentary deficiency of vitamins A, E, Group B. The fungal agent also causes dermatitis up to cracks. Fungus stop spreads contact, when wearing personal belongings of an infected person.
Cracks in skin treatment
Cracks in the skin are treated first, if they are the result of allergic inflammation, the cessation of contact with the allergen. If in view of professional activities this can not be done, then it is necessary to use protective equipment: gloves, overalls.
Dry skin crack should be as little as possible to contact with water. Use only mild soaps. The use of emollients will help to retain moisture in the skin and accelerate the healing of cracks. Most important for this role will be petroleum jelly, as lotions and creams most often dry the skin, especially in them often contain fragrances that are unacceptable for damaged skin. Emollients based on lactic acid, urea, glycolic acid can also heal cracks in the skin. If an accurate diagnosis of allergic dermatitis is made, the treatment is performed by corticosteroid ointment 2 times a day for 2-3 weeks. In the presence of itching, you can use funds with a soothing effect.
It should be remembered that corticosteroid ointments produce a different pharmacological effect, so weak ointments are used for a delicate facial skin, medium-strength ointments are applicable to the trunk, and strong ointments effectively act on cracks on the skin of the palms and soles. Use steroids on an ointment, and not on a cream base, because of a possible allergic response.
Hydrocortisol is best not used on cracks in the skin, as it sometimes causes allergic reactions. Systemic administration of corticosteroids is possible only in cases where cracks on the skin are accompanied by severe manifestations of the underlying disease. Wet compresses with Burov solution before application of glucocorticoid ointments will be useful. The Burov liquid is an 8% solution of the basic aluminum acetate, and the dry skin of the crack with such compresses softens.
Also, cracks on the skin give in to physiotherapy: irradiation with ultraviolet lamps, surface short-focus X-ray therapy.
In cases of disability, weekly use of methotrexate in a dose of 5-15 mg or daily low doses of Cyclosporine.
Treatment of cracks in the skin of the fingers with dyshidrotic eczema reduces to the appointment of Prednisolone in a dose of 0.5-1 mg per kg per day. with a slow decrease in the drug within two weeks. Assign compresses with Burov's solution to cracks in the skin. Can bring relief from ointment tacrolimus Protopic 0.1%, which is replaced by the daily application of 2 times a day of the external glucocorticosteroid in several cycles of 3-4 weeks.
Itching can be reduced with antihistamines. Psorolen is applied externally on the palm surface of the hands, as well as they cover cracks in the skin, and ultraviolet A for the treatment of torpid variants of the disease. With the sensitivity detected to nickel, disulfiram is given at 200 mg / day for a period of 8 weeks.
If cracks on the skin are fungal in nature, then antimycotic drugs are prescribed. With an acute variant, lotions from Resorcinol 1-2%, Etacridine 0.1% solution, Silver nitrate 0.25% solution, Manganose solution 1: 6000-1: 8000 are prescribed. Together with lotions prescribe antihistamines, vitamins of group B, askorutin. Antifungal preparations of systemic and local action are used together. Griseofulvin, Ketoconazole is taken internally for 3-12 months, Terbinafine (Lamizin) at a dose of 250 mg per day for 3 months, Intraconazole (Orungal) is administered as a pulse therapy at a dose of 200 mg twice daily after meals for 7 days with a break in 3 weeks.
Preparations for local application to cracks in the skin: Nitrofungin, Mikoseptin, Travogen, Travocort, Tolmicen, Clotrimazole, Dactarine, Pevaril, Exoderyl, Ketoconazole.
As a preventive measure of fungal lesions, individual personal hygiene means should be used. When the fungus is diagnosed in parallel with the treatment of the skin, it is necessary to handle shoes and insoles with formalin solution, and also to disinfect socks in boiling water for 10 minutes.
Often, cracks in the skin can be caused by excessive stress, so it is worth reducing emotional stress.
There is a mass of folk methods that treat cracks in the skin. Before proceeding to treatment, it is necessary to steam the skin around the crack and remove the keratinized layers of the skin. This is mostly true of rough skin on the heels. This procedure can be performed independently, and it is possible to resort to the help of specialists. At home you can use a warm soapy solution with the addition of baking soda to soften the skin of the feet.
Here are a few non-drug ways, with the help of which cracks in the skin are treated.
The most common method is the application of grated green onions to a crack on the skin at night.
You can make and apply for the whole night a mixture of juice of onions, aloe leaf, fish oil with the addition of flour.
Baths with starch are quite accessible, where the ratio of 1 starch of starch: 1 liter of water. Several such trays will improve the condition of the damaged area, remove cracks in the skin.
The remaining waste from cleaning the potatoes boil, and then in the cooked broth to lower the damaged skin area.
It is possible to lubricate cracks in the skin with oil solutions of vitamins A and E.
The boiled marigold flowers mixed with the rubbed bulb and Kalanchoe, applied to the problem area, also contribute to rapid healing.
Cracks on the skin of the heels will heal faster if the legs are lowered into a mixture of boiled flaxseed with waste from cleaning the potatoes.
The skin of the hands is very well softened by the decoction of chamomile flowers, sage and linden flowers.
Decoction of nettles, aira and chamomile heads in a mixture with ovarian broth and the addition of lemon juice moisturizes cracks in the skin.
In saunas or baths, a mixture of honey and vegetable oils, castor or olive oil, can be applied to cracks in the skin.