Tachycardia is a pathological increase in the heart rate from ninety beats per minute. As a sign of illness, tachycardia is seen when there is a state of rest. Is a consequence of diseases of various regulatory systems, and the consequence of the autoregulatory function of the heart muscle, namely the drivers of rhythm.
The state of tachycardia causes a number of unpleasant sensations: a feeling of fear, a feeling of frequent strong heart beats, shortness of breath at rest, redness of the skin, increased sweating, hot flashes and dizziness . In addition to such subjective sensations, a number of objective signs of disruption of the work of such organs and systems are observed: central and peripheral nervous systems, organs of vision, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract.
Depending on the characteristics of the pathologically accelerated heart rate, tachycardia can be divided into sinus, paroxysmal and ventricular fibrillation.
Sinus tachycardia is characterized by a normal rhythm, generated by the sino-atrial node. That is, the rhythm is not changed in the qualitative plan, only the heart rate is changed. This type of tachycardia is characterized by a long duration of the attack and is stopped, mainly, only by medications.
Paroxysmal tachycardia is divided into atrial, ventricular and nodular. The characteristic signs of tachycardia (paroxysmal) is a sudden onset and the end of an attack. And also more rapid heart rate than with sinus (149-299 beats per minute).
Ventricular fibrillation can accompany extensive myocardial infarction , shock conditions, nervous system damage or severe poisoning with dangerous poisons. From sinus tachycardia it is distinguished by uneven rhythm - very rapid (300-490 beats per minute) indiscriminate contraction of the ventricles. Often such a tachycardia precedes complete cardiac arrest.
Fibrillation is characterized by dizziness, which translates into loss of consciousness, tonic convulsions, dilated pupils, relaxation of all sphincters. With late fibrillation, a very high mortality rate.
Tachycardia of the heart
Tachycardia can clearly interfere with the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system. All because the often beating heart does not have time to fill up with enough blood, and this, in turn, creates unfavorable conditions for the blood supply of vital organs and systems.
Lack of blood filling in the first place feel the ventricles of the heart, which negatively affects the function of the heart muscle. Since the ventricles pushes out small amounts of blood, the systemic arterial pressure decreases, which affects the whole body negatively. Under reduced pressure, taking into account the rapid heartbeat, a person feels a strong malaise, which can worsen when doing the usual physical activity. Often this condition occurs along with other vegetative disorders, which greatly aggravates the condition of a person, causes fear of death, a strong decline in efficiency.
To suffer frequent attacks of a tachycardia it is difficult enough, and in the conditions of inspection for their registration it is necessary a lot of time. After all, "on order" tachycardia does not occur.
Usually people with concomitant diseases of the heart or nervous system come to the hospital, who complain, mainly, on the increase in heart rate and poor health. There are also cases when the incoming patient complains of completely unrelated to the heart ailments, and in consequence it turns out that he has a persistent or paroxysmal tachycardia. There are people who do not bother at all.
Tachycardia as a symptom of many diseases of the cardiovascular, nervous and endocrine systems should be perceived by doctors as a signal for a complete examination. After all, the consequences of not being diagnosed at the right time can be quite serious.
The causes of tachycardia, both physiological and pathological, can be many.
Perhaps the emergence of tachycardia with organic lesions of the nervous and humoral systems of body regulation. For example, with a tumor of the adrenal gland ( pheochromocytoma ), a rapid and extremely rapid increase in the pulse and an increase in blood pressure are possible. This is due to increased production of catecholamines (regulatory hormones), especially adrenaline.
With tumors of the pituitary and hypothalamus (releasing hormones that stimulate or inhibit the work of all body systems), complex changes in cardiac activity are also possible.
One of the main causes of tachycardia can be considered hypoxia. Hypoxia is the inadequate saturation of organs or tissues with oxygen. That is, the lack of oxygen in the arterial blood. Hypoxia can occur in poorly ventilated rooms, in mountainous terrain, in public transport. Tachycardia caused by such hypoxia usually passes after the normalization of the oxygen level in the inspired air.
If hypoxia is caused by internal causes, then tachycardia can persist for a long time regardless of external conditions. The cause may be pulmonary pathology, for example, bronchial asthma , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, occupational diseases associated with the inhalation of foreign dust particles in large quantities (silicosis, anthracosis, talcosis, anthraco silicosis, asbestosis). Even such chronic diseases as allergic rhinitis , tonsillitis, sinusitis can cause persistent hypoxia, which leads to complications from the heart.
A persistent reduction in blood pressure leads to tachycardia. Rapid heart rate is used as a protective compensatory mechanism. The causes of hypotension can be very diverse. For example, with vegetative-vascular disorders or during the recovery from blood loss. Hypotension can occur as a consequence of the violation of hormonal regulation in diseases of the thyroid gland, adrenal gland, pituitary gland.
Also, arterial hypotension can exist as an independent disease. And do not forget about a possible hereditary predisposition to lowered pressure, which sometimes leads to a dead end even experienced diagnosticians.
Secondary causes of hypotension are diseases that disrupt the activity of regulatory centers, or mechanically (thrombosis, swelling) leads to a compensatory decrease in pressure.
In addition to hypotension, tachycardia can provoke excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages. The reaction to them is strictly individual, because with the same amount of alcohol consumed, one person can increase the heart rate and body temperature, while the other can increase blood pressure and reduce the number of heart beats per minute.
Long-term use of alcohol can lead to portal hypertension , which inevitably combines with tachycardia.
Increased palpitations are usually accompanied by acute infections. The higher the body temperature rises, the more rapid the work of the heart. Physiologically, this is due to the desire of the body to "cool" the blood during the rise in temperature. That is, when the blood passes faster through the large and small circles of the circulation, the process of raising the body temperature is inhibited.
Another cause of tachycardia can be considered anemia. Anemia is a syndrome, the basis of which is the reduction of the amount of hemoglobin in the blood or the lack of uniform units, its transporting - erythrocytes. The causes of anemia are many and more often regarded as a symptom of serious diseases.
Tachycardia in anemia is caused by the desire of the body to meet the need for oxygen in a quantitative way, that is, more often to deliver blood to the tissues that are not adequately provided with hemoglobin. This is a natural compensatory mechanism, and if such a complex of symptoms is found, the cause of anemia should immediately be sought and eliminated, because the body uses energy reserves.
Scientists have long proven that the use of beverages containing caffeine (black tea, coffee, energy drinks), not only stimulates mental activity, invigorates and gives a reserve of strength, but also adversely affects the activity of the cardiovascular system, increases heart rate, increases blood pressure, accelerates the natural excretion of calcium from the body. Of course, these effects are manifested with regular and excessive consumption of caffeine. With frequent admission to the body, it causes a kind of addiction, provoking the creation of additional receptors on the cells. This leads to the fact that for a person to increase vitality, he needs not two, but five or seven cups of strong tea or coffee.
Another bad habit, which has a very negative effect on cardiac activity, is smoking. Examples of the effects of nicotine on the body - the destruction of blood vessels, a decrease in brain activity, a carcinogenic effect on the lips, tongue, larynx, tonsils, trachea, bronchi, lungs.
After every cigarette you smoke, a person's heart rate increases because the body tries to get rid of the poison in the blood, which is nicotine as soon as possible.
Other drugs also affect the heart muscle, due to various pathological mechanisms causing it to contract more often. This effect is especially pronounced in stimulants, such as cocaine, amphetamine, and pervintin.
Stressful situations and being in an aggressive team also force the heart to beat more often than necessary. Long-term conflicts, sluggish depressive conditions cause complications from the cardiovascular system. Such people complain of periodic attacks of tachycardia, angina pectoris against a background of depressed mood and oppressive thoughts.
Tachycardia can occur by the mechanism of negative feedback due to blood loss or severe dehydration.
Dehydration can occur when food is not poisoned by first freshness or when the kidneys are affected, that is, as a result of prolonged vomiting and diarrhea or increased diuresis.
When poisoning with lily of the valley preparations and other glycosides, tachycardia and extrasystoles may occur, which are very difficult to treat.
Most often, the attack of the tachycardia develops very quickly and without precursors. A person can not even notice it until the heart rate reaches extremely high figures. The overwhelming majority of people feel a certain malaise already at 110 beats per minute. The sensation of a frightening palpitation does not allow to concentrate on work, and at the slightest physical exertion there is a strong dyspnea and dizziness.
Objectively, the symptomatology is determined by measuring the frequency and strength of the pulsations of the vessels at the wrists and carotid arteries around the neck. In addition to palpation sensation of the pulse with a strong tachycardia, pulsation is noticeable and with the naked eye. Such a pulsation in the carotid arteries, for example, is normally invisible. This phenomenon was called "dance carotid."
An important role is played by auscultating listening to heart sounds and determining the pulse at the wrists simultaneously. This study is conducted to determine the nature and completeness of blood flow. A characteristic symptom for tachycardia is the "rhythm of the pendulum" (although some authors compare it with a metronome) - virtually indistinguishable first and second tones.
Another symptom of tachycardia is the moisture of the skin, sweating even in the absence of physical activity in a normally ventilated room. This is due to the need to accelerate water exchange through the skin, since the kidneys can not work normally with accelerated blood flow.
For ventricular tachycardia, a characteristic symptom is the heart beat rate per minute from 149 to 189, and for the supraventricular form, 190-240.
In addition, with high numbers of heartbeats, the need for cardiac muscle in oxygen and the specific energy source of ATP increases. In people suffering from coronary artery disease, tachycardia can aggravate the course of the disease and be complicated by myocardial infarction.
Tachycardia often occurs in combination with other symptoms, for example, with angina.
Angina pectoris is an attack of heart pain that occurs and passes suddenly. The pain can have the most diverse character: dagger, pressing, diffuse. It often spreads to the left arm, the left subscapular region or the left hypochondrium. The pain exacerbates the moral state of a person, can cause a strong fear, which provokes an increase in tachycardia (thanks to the release of adrenaline).
To determine the severity of the condition and possible complications, a time-proven method of electrocardiography is used. An experienced expert on the electrocardiogram indications can determine in which part of the myocardium the pathological focus of excitation arises. And also on the ECG, you can see early or late signs of necrosis of the heart muscle.
Tachycardia in children
Tachycardia in children has a number of characteristics. Almost always - if the child does not have heart defects or developmental anomalies, the prognosis is favorable. After all, children are characterized by rapid heartbeat due to the small size of the heart, small diameter of the main vessels, and also due to the increased need of all tissues and organs in oxygen (the growing organism requires more nutrients and energy).
For children of different ages are characterized by different indicators of heart rate. For example, in children on the 12th day the normal number of heartbeats per minute is about 140. And in a twelve-year-old teenager this figure is normally around 80 beats / minute.
In children, tachycardia can be caused by vegetative-vascular dystonia. This disease has complex syndromes and many different forms. In addition, this disease has no malignant forms and prognosis (without the presence of concomitant diseases) is always favorable.
The signs of tachycardia in children are practically the same as those of adults. Perhaps some children of the younger age group do not understand what is bothering them. In the diagnosis in such cases an important role is played by objective research and instrumental methods (ECG, echocardiography).
Older children complain of heart palpitations, dyspnea, chest pain, darkening in the eyes, sweating. Often this condition causes the child to fear or even hysteria. And these factors are known to only increase tachycardia.
With a combination of tachycardia and VSD in adolescence, syncopal conditions (pre-fainting or fainting) can occur.
Basically, tachycardia in children is seen as a passing condition or a feature of hormonal rearrangement. If the cardiologist after the examination did not reveal any concomitant cardiac or other pathologies, in most cases this symptom does not need additional treatment.
It is necessary to follow the recommendations of a pediatrician and a cardiologist. For example, metered exercise. Completely to deprive the child of joy to show activity with other children should not be, and it is necessary to accustom to a certain regime.
Also, it is necessary to fight with hypodynamia and excess weight, because these factors increase the load on the heart muscle and in the future it can greatly affect the state of health.
Quite often when a person has attacks of tachycardia, he has high blood pressure. Even slightly elevated BP figures in some people can cause severe headaches , pain in the heart, dizziness, decreased visual acuity.
If such a complex of symptoms arises, it is necessary to consult a doctor so that after all the necessary clinical and functional tests he prescribes the necessary preparations for stopping and preventing attacks.
After all, these symptoms can lead to rather dangerous complications, which are easier to prevent than to cure. Examples of such complications include myocardial infarction, stroke or cerebral infarction, ischemic events of the internal organs (most often these are the kidneys).
In some people with a neurological examination during an attack of tachycardia with high blood pressure, it is possible to sharply normalize the heart rate and gradually normalize blood pressure. This is due to the stimulation of the vagus nerve during the examination. This phenomenon is most likely due to the negative feedback mechanism.
In adolescents, tachycardia and high blood pressure can be considered a symptom of vegetative-vascular dysfunction according to the hypertonic type. This disease has a number of cardiological and neurological symptoms, worsening the adaptive function of a growing organism. Psychological problems in connection with the disease are also possible. Some children do not understand enough that the VSD is not the most serious ailment and for some reason start to complex on this matter, become squeezed, unsociable.
Tachycardia and changes in blood pressure indicators at any age are indications for consultation with a cardiologist. A comprehensive examination is needed, especially during an attack. Therefore, it is more appropriate to be in a cardiological hospital where under observation of medical workers the slightest changes in the activity of the cardiovascular system will be registered both at rest and during some physical exertions (step test, squats, veloergometry and others).
Tachycardia in Pregnancy
Many women for the first time find out what tachycardia is, during pregnancy. And this is completely unsurprising: in this beautiful and at the same time difficult period for the future mother, the whole body performs its functions in an enhanced mode.
Until now, it has not been fully studied what causes lead to tachycardia in pregnant women. The key reason is considered to be that this is due to a significant increase in the level of certain hormones that produce a sympathomimetic effect (increasing the strength and frequency of myocardial contractions). Far from the last reason is the rapid addition to weight, and an increased heart overload due to the fact that it is forced to work "for two", and a small amount of necessary vitamins, as well as minerals, due to accelerated metabolism.
To serve as the reason for occurrence of a tachycardia can and such frequent occurrence at the women expecting the child, as an anemia. Hypotension, which quite often worries pregnant, can also lead to tachycardia. Especially often tachycardia is exposed to women with severe gestosis, because of frequent vomiting they have an electrolyte balance in the body.
Everyone knows when the fetus grows in the womb, as it increases in size, it displaces the internal organs. In later terms, the bottom of the growing uterus may slightly shift the heart, which leads to some disturbances in the rhythm. Future mothers run the risk of earning a tachycardia if they smoke, drink alcohol or caffeine-containing drinks during pregnancy. And this is the least problem, which can lead to addictions during pregnancy. The most terrible thing is that a child can be born with a variety of diseases that will last a lifetime. Pregnant should consult a doctor for advice on taking any medication, since even all known drops of Naphthyzine can cause tachycardia.
Tachycardia is given to a pregnant woman if the heart rate is more than ninety beats in sixty seconds in a calm state. In most cases, such a tachycardia is not accompanied by pain in the heart, only occasionally there is some discomfort. Often similar attacks of a tachycardia last not for long and independently pass or take place. Unfortunately, sometimes there are cases when the frequency of cardiac strokes reaches one hundred and twenty-one hundred and thirty, and in some cases more times per minute. In this case, with tachycardia, future mothers note a strong deterioration of health, nausea, dizziness, sometimes leading to loss of consciousness. About such episodes of tachycardia, you must always inform the doctor that he conducted a survey and prescribed a therapy, which in this case is necessary.
The future young mother must be examined with tachycardia, since it is impossible to write off this phenomenon solely for pregnancy . It can be an organic pathology that can harm both mother and baby. Even with the onset of a single case of pregnant tachycardia, an ECG should be done. On the ECG, tachycardia will be established without problems, and the doctor will be able to find out its cause (physiological processes or somatic pathology). If the doctor has any difficulties, he can prescribe an additional EchoCG, a study with a holter, a thyroid check. Do not give up any diagnostic procedures, since, unfortunately, during pregnancy a woman may have new diseases or become aggravated already.
If you suspect a tachycardia, it is advisable to go to an appointment with a narrow-profile doctor - a cardiologist. Often, tachycardia of pregnant women does not entail any consequences other than discomfort, so the future mother is prescribed herbal sedatives, which improve not only the activity of the heart that was loaded during this period, but also a dream. Sometimes prescribe drugs with potassium or magnesium in its composition, as well as complexes of minerals and vitamins. If necessary, the doctor will perform correction of electrolyte balance and anemia, which will improve the woman's well-being and eliminate all manifestations of tachycardia.
Attack of tachycardia
The attack of a tachycardia always begins unexpectedly. Recognize this phenomenon is possible by a sharp increase in the number of cardiac contractions. The duration of the attack varies from a few minutes to hours.
Tachycardia can be accompanied by a strong fear for one's life, excessive sweating, undulating pains in the chest of a different nature and intensity. From all of the above, it can be understood that the causes of an attack can be any, but they can be distinguished by the symptoms accompanying a tachycardia. So, if a person abused any medicines or took them uncontrollably, an attack of tachycardia will accompany such a symptom as trembling of fingers with extended upper limbs forward. If frequent attacks of tachycardia are accompanied by a loss in weight, this indicates that the patient either takes high doses of hormone-containing drugs, or tries to lose weight, using drugs that suppress hunger. Abundant perspiration accompanies an attack of tachycardia when a person drank a lot of coffee or took a pill of Caffeine sodium benzoate. If tachycardia accompanies nervousness and aggression, then most likely, the reason for the attack is smoking tobacco, a strong physical load. In addition to the above reasons, an attack can provoke a nervous shock, a prolonged lack of sleep and rest.
Tachycardia can become a signal of more serious somatic pathologies: myocarditis , hypertension , thyroid dysfunction, hypoglycemia . If the number of heart attacks with tachycardia reaches one hundred and twenty times in one minute, the doctor should be called immediately. Before the arrival of physicians, you need to provide a person with tachycardia complete peace.
While waiting for the ambulance, you can perform several exercises that ease the condition. At the first stage, you need to breathe in full, then hold your breath and try to push the inhaled air down. Then you need to close your eyelids and with moderate force to press on the eyeballs, continuing the first stage. Exercise takes 1-2 minutes, then you need to rest for 10-15 seconds and repeat again and again. You can put in a container of ice water and put your face there. Typically, an attack of tachycardia after such manipulation is stopped within a few seconds. If the attack started a few seconds ago, you can stop it by causing a cough or a vomiting reflex. It helps fight tachycardia and a slow deep breath, followed by a vigorous rapid exhalation. Repeat the last exercise you need at least five minutes.
Before proceeding to therapy of tachycardia, it is necessary to diagnose and conduct differential diagnosis. The leading method, which makes it possible to verify with certainty that the cause of complaints was precisely tachycardia, is electrocardiography. If there are arrhythmia paroxysms, it is advisable to conduct a daily ECG observation using a holter. This method of investigation fixes any slight violation of rhythm in the work of the heart, and also makes it possible to identify ischemic changes. Another very informative method is echocardiography. This study allows you to determine the size of the heart chambers, the thickness of the myocardium, pathological changes in the valves and limited breach of contractility. If a doctor has a suspicion that tachycardia causes congenital pathology, he can prescribe an MRI of the heart.
In addition to non-invasive methods of investigation, in exceptional cases invasive can also be prescribed. The most common method is electrophysiological research. Such a study with tachycardia is carried out to a certain range of patients before surgical intervention on the heart. Electrophysical examination gives the doctor the opportunity to evaluate the spread of electrical impulse over the heart, determines the mechanisms of the appearance of tachycardia. In order to determine the tachycardia with the greatest accuracy, the doctor can prescribe laboratory blood tests, electroencephalography, thyroid hormone analysis.
After the final diagnosis of "tachycardia" is established, they begin to treat the disease. Methods of treatment of tachycardia directly depend on the cause that caused this disease. The first place in the therapy of tachycardia is the elimination of all available provoking factors: taking caffeine (contained in coffee, and also strong tea), refusal from smoking, alcoholic beverages, restriction in the daily menu of spicy foods and chocolate. It is also very important to protect the patient from human tachycardia from emotional shocks and mental overloads. In the event that the tachycardia turned out to be sinus physiological, no treatment for a person should be prescribed.
If the tachycardia is caused by organic pathology, it is necessary to treat that disease, the consequence of which is tachycardia. If the occurrence of tachycardia can be traced to a neurogenic genesis, the patient needs a consultation of a neurologist before the appointment of treatment. If the neurologist confirms the diagnosis, treatment of such a tachycardia is carried out with sedatives and through psychotherapy. Apply Tranquinol, Relanium, Seduxen. Tranquinol is prescribed depending on the severity of the neurotic manifestations, which subsequently cause tachycardia. Usually the patient takes one or two tablets every eight hours. The duration of therapy by Tranquinol is determined by the doctor. The dose of Relanium is selected strictly individually, it is recommended to give the minimum amount of medication for treatment, which gives a positive result. Usually the dose for intravenous or intramuscular injection of the drug is five to ten milligrams. Multiplicity of injections depends on the nature of manifestation of the disease. Therapy with this drug is carried out under the strict supervision of medical personnel through the same length of time. Seduxen can be taken per os, intravenously or intramuscularly. The initial amount of the drug with the oral route of administration is two and a half to five milligrams. Then the dose begins to increase very slowly and bring up to five to ten milligrams. It should be remembered that in the event that the patient is treated at home, the daily dose of the drug should not exceed twenty-five milligrams. Important: all these drugs can not be used without the doctor's appointment!
If tachycardia caused thyrotoxicosis , along with medications prescribed by an endocrinologist, it is necessary to drink non-selective beta-blockers. Such drugs include Anaprilin, Oxprenolol and many other drugs similar in their effect. Tablets from tachycardia Anaprilin begin taking with a minimum dosage of ten milligrams. The tablet is drunk half an hour before a meal, washed down with water. If the medicine is transferred well, its amount is slowly increased by twenty milligrams every day, bringing the daily dose to one hundred milligrams. The daily dose is usually divided into three doses. Oxprenolol begins to take twenty milligrams once every six hours. Then, subject to satisfactory tolerability, a single dose is raised to forty to eighty milligrams. The maximum amount of oxprenolol per day is four hundred and eighty milligrams.
Oxprenolol is also prescribed for the therapy of functional disorders of the heart that lead to tachycardia. In this case, the daily dose does not exceed eighty milligrams.
If sinus tachycardia has occurred in a person with CHF, it is advisable to combine cardiac glycosides (Digoxin) with beta-blockers. The doctor chooses the dose and the frequency of digoxin administration individually. Usually the amount of the drug at one time is 0.25 milligrams. In the first day, the total dose of the drug is divided five times, in the following days - by two or three times. This drug is not recommended to appoint pregnant women with tachycardia, as the drug penetrates the hematoplacental barrier. Its direct teratogenic effect on the baby has not been fully proven, but it is not worth the risk, as for future mothers there are safer means with good efficacy.
In the event that tachycardia paroxysmal, improve the tone of the vagus will help massage the eyeballs. If this method does not give special results in tachycardia, antiarrhythmic agents such as Cordarone and Propaferon are prescribed. Propafiron is administered either orally or intravenously. The dose for introduction into the vein is selected taking into account the weight of the patient with human tachycardia. Usually it is 0.5-2.0 milligrams per kilogram. Enter the remedy very slowly, about five minutes, monitoring the introduction by ECG. Usually, the drug is administered twice with a break for one and a half to two hours. When using Propaferon, unwanted effects are possible: dizziness, double vision in the eyes, nausea. It is impossible to treat a patient with tachycardia for a long time, because the paroxysmal tachycardia can be replaced by a sinus one. Propaferon is contraindicated if an atrioventricular block of the second-third degree is diagnosed in a person. For treatment at home, Cordarone is prescribed at a dose of six hundred to eight hundred milligrams per day. This dose is divided into several administrations. In a hospital, the amount of the drug can be increased by one and a half to two times, if necessary.
If the tachycardia started suddenly, Valocordin or Corvalol (Corvaltab) will come to the rescue. These drugs are used in the form of drops. Usually, for coping with an attack, fifteen to twenty drops, added to half a cup of water, are sufficient. After taking the drops, you need to rest for a while (sit or lie down), so the heart rate will return to normal.
If tachycardia attacks happen often enough, exercise therapy is recommended. It is advisable to make such walks at a constant, slow pace in the evening hours. It is also necessary to abandon the pernicious habits (smoking, drinking alcohol) without fail. This will significantly ease the condition, and attacks will happen much less often. It is not necessary to abuse tachycardia too fatty, spicy food, drink less strong coffee and black tea, refrain from alcoholic beverages. Eating with this disease should be regularly and fractional, avoiding overeating, as a full stomach can trigger an attack of tachycardia. In the diet of people suffering from tachycardia, it is recommended to introduce such products as raisins, decoctions and rose hips, natural honey, bran, dried apricots, fresh berries, fruits.
The therapeutic diet for tachycardia is based on a few simple rules, observing which you can significantly improve your well-being. When tachycardia is eaten four to six times a day in small portions, avoiding overfilling the stomach. Do not eat before going to bed, as this can provoke a night attack. You should also limit the use of sweets. There are more products that contain potassium, magnesium. Fat in the diet of a person suffering from tachycardia should be no more than forty or fifty grams per day. Potassium and magnesium are many in grapes, grapefruits, parsley, black currant, pineapples, peaches, bananas. Useful for the heart and nuts, especially almonds and walnuts. Very useful is an omelet prepared from proteins for a couple, as well as soft-boiled eggs (it is undesirable to eat more than one per day). Useful types of meat, such as turkey and chicken, lean beef, veal. Meat dishes are best cooked in the oven or a couple. It is better to refuse any spicy sauces and seasonings and replace them with sour cream, dairy or sour.
Of folk remedies, a good effect with tachycardia is given by decoctions of mint or lemon balm. In order to avoid an attack of tachycardia at night, you can sleep with a cushion of sachet, filled with rhizomes of valerian. Positive effects on the heart muscle have elderberry berries, honeysuckle. They are useful not only in fresh form, but also in jam. Another remedy for grandmothers is an infusion of mint with hop cones. A teaspoon of the collection to pour boiling water (one glass), cover with a towel and let stand for ten minutes. Drink the resulting remedy in small sips at a time. Directly with an attack of tachycardia, the root of valerian is dry with mint. This collection should take a couple of tablespoons, put in a thermos and pour boiling water to half. After the agent is infused and cooled, it can be placed in the refrigerator and stored for four to five weeks. During an attack, you must drink one hundred and two milliliters.
With tachycardia, some foods can cause great harm to the body, so they should be aware of in order to restrict in their diet. Danger with tachycardia alcohol, hard-boiled black tea, coffee, sour cream, cooked in steep eggs, smoked meat, fish, sausage, sodosoderzhaschie food (carbonated drinks, various biscuits, fresh bread).
Everyone knows that it is better to warn any disease beforehand than to treat it. Excellent prevention of tachycardia will be a healthy lifestyle, eating a large number of products useful for the heart, taking vitamins, giving up harmful habits, enough sleep at night. It should be remembered that any folk methods are effective more for the prevention than for the treatment of the disease. Certainly, decoctions and infusions, as well as some foodstuffs have a curative effect, but it is better to combine folk remedies with medication prescribed by a doctor. Therefore, if you are concerned about frequent attacks of tachycardia, pain in the heart, severe weakness and shortness of breath, do not experiment with broths, but consult a doctor for qualified medical care.