Symptoms and treatment of genyantritis
Free nasal breathing is a natural process of human life. The air passing through the nose is enriched with nitric oxide, due to which the lungs better saturate the blood with oxygen. With the loss of the ability to breathe through the nose, a person instinctively begins to breathe through the mouth, which leads to the development of inflammation of the mucosa of the respiratory tract, overdrying the pharynx and larynx. This leads to the development of diseases such as pharyngitis, bronchitis and laryngitis. Perhaps the most common disease that causes the inability of nasal breathing is a sinusitis
Sinusitis is an acute inflammation of the nasal maxillary sinuses, requiring professional quality treatment. As a result of the mucosal edema, the opening from the sinuses overlaps, the mucus accumulates, in which the development of bacteria leading to the disease begins. In addition to mucus, pus formed in the nasal sinuses and they together press on the walls of the nose, thereby causing severe pain. и общее недомогание The toxins produced by microbes penetrate into the body of the sick person, causing the characteristic symptoms of intoxication - temperature, headache and general malaise
The main symptom of this disease is a permanently stuffy nose, which leads to a partial change in the voice and loss of smell. It is also possible the appearance of purulent discharge of yellow or green, which have a persistent unpleasant odor.
The headache does not have a clear localization in a certain place and is often perceived as an ordinary headache, although sometimes with recoil in the upper jaw region. Also, the patient often has swelling of the cheek and eyelid from the side of the inflammation that has arisen. Sinusitis leads to absent-mindedness, insomnia and weakness. It is also possible to raise body temperature to 38 - 40 degrees with the acute course of this disease
The following factors contribute to the development of sinus inflammation:
- Unfavorable environmental conditions
- Anatomic changes in the nasal cavity (usually congenital)
- Various allergic diseases
- Growth in the nasal passages of foreign formations (polyps, tumors, etc.)
- Weakened immunity of the body, usually with an acute infection
Complications and consequences
Perhaps the most dangerous complication that can be caused by chronic purulent maxillary sinusitis is meningitis (inflammation of the cerebral cortex). и миокардит, появляются различные нервные расстройства и другие тяжелые заболевания. Also, the probability of developing such diseases as hypertension, kidney damage and myocarditis is quite high, various nervous disorders and other serious diseases appear. Therefore, it must be remembered that an untimely appeal to a qualified doctor can cause serious enough complications
Since the causes of sinusitis are purely individual, the course and direction of treatment are determined for each specific case.
But first of all, the treatment of sinusitis is aimed at ensuring the outflow of mucus from the maxillary sinuses and to remove the edema of the nasal mucosa
Methods of treatment of sinusitis:
Drug treatment - based on the mandatory use of sprays, inhalers, drops in the nose, etc. Passage of physiotherapy procedures and the reception of antihistamines and antibacterial drugs.
Rinse of the nose - is aimed at removing the accumulated mucus in the nasal cavities with microbes and allergens and dust. Thanks to a special method of washing, not only inflammation and the accompanying edema decrease, but the protective properties of the membranes of all the nasal cavities increase.
Surgical treatment of sinusitis - the so-called puncture (puncture of the maxillary sinuses) is used in especially neglected cases. The puncture is done for pumping out the pus from the pus and then injecting in them drugs that stop the inflammation. This method, although it is very painful, but treatment with it is considered very effective
The main thing is to understand that timely access to a doctor-otolaryngologist at the first suspicions of maxillary sinusitis will help to avoid surgical intervention and the procedure will be limited to washing and medication.
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