Sarcoidosis treatment symptoms
Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease that can affect almost any organ (except for the adrenal glands only), but mainly affects the lungs and intramammary lymph nodes. Most often, this disease occurs in women aged from thirty to forty years. The incidence of reported cases of sarcoidosis is 20 people per 100,000 population , and black people are 15 times more likely to get sick than white. This disease occurs in both acute and chronic forms
Symptoms of sarcoidosis
- Body temperature rises
- There is not a stopping pain in the joints
- Lymph nodes increase
- Sometimes there can be paralysis of the facial nerve
- There is a rapid fatigue and lack of appetite
Sarcoidosis in most cases affects the lungs (90% of cases), however, its manifestations can only be detected with the help of X-rays, since the defeat of intrapulmonary lymph nodes does not cause almost no external manifestations. Symptoms of lung damage: chest pain, dry cough, shortness of breath, sometimes hemoptysis. In the case of severe disease, sarcoidosis can help reduce respiratory function and promote lung fibrosis
This form of the disease develops quite smoothly and is manifested only by weakness and increasing dyspnea. Also characteristic is the appearance of chronic fatigue, chest pain of a different nature
Diagnosis of sarcoidosis
During a visual examination, nodal erythrem can be observed, which is expressed by the presence of red dense knots (often on the shins) on the skin. At palpation these bonds are rather painful, and after their final resolution, spots of gray-violet color are observed for a long time on the skin. Also carefully examine the joints of the legs and hands, paying special attention to the small joints, since due to inflammatory changes their deformation is atypical.
In sarcoidosis, inflammatory changes occur in the eyes that in the absence of adequate treatment can lead to blindness. Also, damage to internal organs (kidneys, heart, liver, brain, etc.) is possible, which is diagnosed by means of tomography. Sufficiently effective results are obtained by microscopy of the tissues of enlarged lymph nodes
Treatment of sarcoidosis
In the vast majority of cases, sarcoidosis passes without special treatment, but in the case of a serious disease, timely, full-fledged treatment based on the results of the diagnosis of internal organs is possible only by a qualified doctor.
The most serious complications in sarcoidosis are deafness and respiratory failure. In such cases, glucocorticoids are prescribed. Antioxidants and aminoquinolines (plaquenil and delagil) are also prescribed.
In addition, non-drug therapies can be used:
- UHF therapy
- Unloading diet
Prophylaxis of sarcoidosis
First of all, in order to avoid exacerbations of this disease, one must adhere to a healthy lifestyle, the main criterion of which should be a complete refusal to smoke. Also, if possible, avoid contact with volatile toxic substances, gases and vapors that can harm the lungs. It is necessary to significantly reduce the use of foods with high calcium content.