Prevention and treatment of hemorrhoids
Currently, hemorrhoids are the most common proctological disease of man and its share in the structure of this type of disease reaches up to forty percent.
Hemorrhoids or as it is also called anal fissure is a pathological process that develops in the rectum and anus in the form of varicose veins. Because of the violation of the venous outflow, the blood stagnates in the veins of the rectum, thickens and coagulates, which causes the so-called formation of hemorrhoids which in a state of rest decrease and fall, and on the contrary increase and swell when straining.
Hemorrhoids both in men and women develop slowly enough and gradually pass into a chronic course that is periodically exacerbated by acute attacks. Most men are affected by this disease, but unfortunately due to the frivolous attitude towards this disease, most patients come to the doctor already having a third or even fourth stage of the disease
Causes of hemorrhoids
The main cause of this discomforting disease is an inborn violation of the functioning of the vessels of the entire lower part of the rectum, which causes excessive blood flow and, accordingly, its congestion in the cavernous veins of the rectum, which are easily amenable to unfavorable conditions.
, роды и беременность на последних месяцах, опухолевые и воспалительные заболевания малого таза, чрезмерное употребление острой пряной пищи и алкоголя Also, the development of hemorrhoids is facilitated by such provoking factors as: sedentary lifestyle, constipation , childbirth and pregnancy in recent months, tumorous and inflammatory diseases of the pelvis, excessive consumption of spicy food and alcohol
The increase in hemorrhoids is always accompanied by their mandatory inflammation, there are periodic bleeding in the form of scarlet blood, as well as the deposition of these nodes outward from the anal canal.
The initial symptoms of hemorrhoid development are the appearance of discomfort, heaviness, burning and itching in the groin. Then, these symptoms are accompanied by a sufficiently strong raspiruyuschaya pain and swelling of the anal opening, increases the body temperature and becomes difficult for defecation
To achieve the optimal therapeutic effect, a comprehensive and, most importantly, individual approach to each specific case is necessary.
After traditional conservative treatment of hemorrhoids, which provides only a temporary effect, minimally invasive methods are used: cryotherapy, sclerotherapy, focal infrared coagulation, ligation of hemorrhoids by special latex rings, and in some cases, their surgical removal.
But in spite of a large number of methods developed to eliminate hemorrhoids, not all can guarantee getting rid of this problem. Even radical surgery can not eliminate the main cause of hemorrhoids - excessive blood flow.
Because of the fear of most people going to the doctor, many decide to treat hemorrhoids without leaving home with folk remedies. Yes, it is possible to cure this disease at home, but only at the earliest stages and then under the mandatory supervision of a proctologist
But do not forget that timely and regular prevention of hemorrhoids can prevent the occurrence of such an unpleasant disease. To prevent the possible occurrence of this disease, the following recommendations should be adhered to:
- It is necessary to adjust the food in the direction of sufficient use of mineral waters;
- Exclude weight lifting and excessive physical activity;
- Soft chairs and chairs at work and at home change to hard;
- It is necessary to avoid excessive overstrain during defecation;
- To be in a sitting position for no more than three hours in a row, after getting up and doing a warm-up;
- Be sure to wash with cold water after stool.
In conclusion, I want to add that it is impossible to independently diagnose, and even more so to cure hemorrhoids. And the sooner a correct diagnosis is made, the easier and much less painful will be the treatment.
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