Sweating at infants
Sweating in the baby is a localized or generalized rash of bright pink color on the skin, developing after exposure to the skin at high temperatures, leading to excessive sweating. System thermoregulation along with excretory function in infants functions with certain impairments, because of its immaturity, so children of this age are more prone to the appearance of sweating. That is why, when the babies are slightly longer than usual to lie in a wet diaper and / or in a diaper, after their replacement on its tender skin, it is possible to detect small puncture rashes, called sweat. Such rashes in infants, except for external signs, do not manifest themselves in any way. In a large number of cases pass by yourself.
Causes of sweating in infants
In fact, the emergence of sweating in the baby can occur for several reasons. This, first, overheating. It occurs because of excessive wrapping or dressing of the child. The skin of the baby is much thinner than the skin of an adult. Each person's skin is also considered a respiratory organ. About 5% of oxygen enters the body through the skin of the skin. Therefore, when the respiratory function of the skin is broken, then the excretory function begins to work with disorders. The excretory function of the skin is carried out through the work of sweat and sebaceous glands. The regulation of the excretory system is determined by the brain, or rather, a certain center in its departments. In infants, the nervous system is so immature that they have sweating for up to a year even in a cool room. And the extremities can be cold even at very high temperatures of the surrounding air. Therefore, it costs the skin to remain in a high temperature for a while, the sweat glands begin to work more actively twice, causing excessive sweating, which, later, is joined by sweating.
Also, the overheating of the baby can be caused not only by improper dressing, but also by the high temperature in the summer itself. Sometimes, even the babies left without clothes for taking air baths, can be prone to sweating, so it is important to wipe with cool compresses in the hot season and not give the child is under direct sunlight.
Improper hygiene care or lack of it can easily provoke the development of sweating in the baby. Children of this age are very susceptible to various skin rashes, due to the increased sensitivity of the skin. Also such provoking factors can be not only the cause of sweating, but the cause of the development of skin infections. In addition, there may be complications of sweating in the form of joining the infectious process.
Sweating can occur in any part of the body of the baby. Particularly high probability of its development in those parts of the body that are poorly processed and ventilated. The sweating on the head of the baby can arise completely for physiological reasons, because of the hair cover. Therefore, it is not necessary to cover the head of the baby once again in the summer if there is no draft or direct sun rays.
Also because of the considerable number of folds, a sweat on the neck of the baby can form. Therefore, in a warm room or / and in the warm season it is important to leave the child as often as possible without a vest or T-shirt.
The sweating on the face of the baby does not arise, as a rule, independently. It appears because of its development in the child's neck, and then spreads to the face. Therefore, when there is a localized rash on the face of a baby, it is important to show it to a dermatologist to exclude a dermatological disease of an allergic or infectious nature. The emergence of sweating in the groin in the infant and in the buttocks can only talk about a bad choice of a diaper, a lack of proper hygiene for this area, or an untimely change of the diaper.
What does a baby's sweating look like?
In most cases, sweating in the baby looks like a small papular rash or rash in the form of small red dots that can spread throughout the body of the child. Localization of sweating in the baby can be on the neck, in the groin area, on the back, on the abdomen, on the legs, on the head, etc. In general, sweating can cover the whole body of a child or be defined in a specific area of the child.
The sweat on the neck of the baby is initially localized exclusively in its folds, it is presented in the form of bright pink small erythematous points, which are rarely filled with a clear liquid. After carrying out of hygienic procedures or after elimination of influencing heat on area of a neck, sweating itself passes. If you ignore the occurrence of sweating on the neck, its distribution to the face area is observed.
The sweating on the face of the baby can also be represented as small erythematous points that are localized in the region of the chin and the auricles, those areas that are adjacent to the neck area. But the sweating on the head of the baby can look like bubbles, which are filled with a clear liquid. Also, with this localization of sweating, there may be a transition to the face area, only in the zone of the temples and forehead. The appearance of sweating on the head of the child may be accompanied by a slight baldness of the affected part. Also, a child may be restless due to itching.
It is worth remembering the fact that sweating is considered the gateway for the entry of the infectious process onto the skin. When itching is prickly itching can be quite pronounced, so when combing the skin or when it is bred, there is a slight traumatization of the skin. And this, in turn, provokes the development of bacterial infection.
The sweat on the back of the baby looks like a rash of erythematous nature, which can spread to the abdomen, the groin area.
The general condition of the baby with ordinary cotton does not suffer. In some cases, infection may be associated with non-treatment. In such cases, sweating can be characterized by heavy rashes of blisters with a serous or yellow liquid.
Sweating in infants
The best preventive treatment of sweating in the baby is the observation of adequate hygienic care. First of all, the tender and sensitive skin of the baby should be kept clean. In hot weather, it is recommended to increase the number of bathings up to three times a day, besides, they need to be alternated with treatment with napkins with special soothing oils of the cutaneous surface of the baby .
Use of bathing cleaners should be reduced to once a day. For example, during the evening bathing, so as not to expose the baby's skin to mending the protective film. Such a film is formed in the baby due to the work of its excretory function of the skin. It also represents a barrier function for the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms. Therefore, by conducting water procedures on hot days, it is enough for a child to simply splash in warm water without adding special bathing facilities, even do not resort to using baby soap. Because, soap dries the skin of the baby deeply enough, which can lead to its peeling.
The water temperature for the baby when bathing it is recommended not higher than 37 degrees, and the temperature of the air in the bathroom is not higher than 22 degrees. The scalp of the baby's head is washed at least 2 times a week by special children's shampoos, and if daily, then without the use of funds for washing the head. After the completion of water procedures, the child is rinsed with running water colder one degree of water in the bath. The duration of bathing the child is about 10 minutes. Next, the baby's skin is gently wiped with soothing movements, not with a rough towel. Skin folds are treated with caring baby oils. In the summer, it is advisable to abandon the use of oils, but rather use water-based products for skin care.
With rashes, the procedure of dusting with talc is very helpful. Powder is poured into the palm, after which it is applied to the affected skin of the child. Talc contains the optimal amount of caring components, and most importantly, they contain zinc, which is very good in the prevention and treatment of sweating. It should be remembered that immediately poured talcum powder on the child's skin is prohibited, because he can inhale it, and getting powder in the lungs is fraught with consequences of bad character.
Pruritus itching with a swab of the baby is well eliminated compresses with soda (food). In a glass of boiled water at room temperature, 1 teaspoon of soda is dissolved. After, with sterile gauze, well wrung out, do rubbing and applying to the affected areas on the skin. In generalized forms of sweating and intense itching of the skin, a good effect is provided by warm baths with the addition of a small amount of oatmeal or baking soda. And with extensive localization of sweating, it may be recommended to prescribe medications for an antihistamine group, creams containing zinc, aloe and chamomile. These drugs contribute to the elimination of itching and the removal of redness on the surface of the skin of the baby.
You can apply the application of lotions or wiping the inflamed skin with a weak potassium permanganate potassium solution. A positive effect in the treatment and prevention of sweating is given by air baths. They contribute to optimal evaporation from the surface of the baby's skin. Sunscreens should be replaced with lotions with a high UV-protection rating (at least 30 units).
It is important to observe the qualitative treatment of the inguinal region of the baby after each act of urination or act of defecation. Girls need to be washed up strictly from front to back (in direction) to avoid getting microorganisms from the anal area into the genital tract. Boys are made to wash the genitals, interannual and femoral folds. If there is no opportunity to wash the baby, you can resort to using napkins for intimate hygiene to care for baby skin. Diapers should be replaced at least 6-7 times a day and after each stool. It is forbidden to subject the baby to long exposure in wet clothes. The optimal temperature for the baby is 22-25 degrees.
Before going out, it is important to properly dress the baby. Here the rule can help - one plus layer. You need to dress yourself in such a quantity of clothes, in which you will be comfortable. Thoroughly dress as well, just add another layer of clothing on top. In no way should you wrap a child in the summer! When walking in a stroller, you can get by with a cotton set of sliders and raisins. The use of a cap is inadmissible if the child is in a stroller. It is better to replace the cap on the scarf of their cotton fabric. It is important that all materials for babies consist of natural materials. Synthetics should not be present in his wardrobe, because wearing clothes from it promotes the development of sweating in the baby.
Determine the temperature of your baby's body will help a few tips. If you are with a baby in the same room (for example, in a polyclinic), you can touch his spout with the back of your hand. If the baby's nose is warm, then it's comfortable for him. If hot, it means that the baby is sweating and he even has a risk of increasing the body's overall temperature. It is necessary to try to free the baby from an additional layer of clothing. If the nose is cold, then the baby is cold. It is worth remembering that on the nose of the child it is good to diagnose its state of temperature regime, because the legs and hands can be cold during the first year of life due to the peculiarities of the thermoregulation system. If the baby becomes restless due to the development of sweating and begins to be capricious, to refuse food, restlessly to sleep, then it is necessary to show the child to the pediatrician and dermatologist as soon as possible. The appearance of wet crusts and swelling on the area affected by the rubbish indicates the development of bacterial infection, which also requires an urgent visit to a specialist and prescribing antibacterial group preparations.
Prevention of this condition is rational dressing of the baby, adherence to proper skin hygiene and adherence to an adequate temperature regime in the room.