Pancreatitis treatment and course of the disease
The main function of the pancreas is the production of pancreatic juice, which is necessary for digestion of food, therefore in the case of pancreatitis, the normal process of digestion is primarily disturbed.
Pancreatitis is quite a serious disease, in which the pancreas is inflamed due to the destruction of its own enzymes. The form of the flow of pancreatitis is divided into acute and chronic. In the acute form of pancreatitis, intolerable pains arise in the abdomen, as a result of which patients must be hospitalized. The chronic form of pancreatitis can progress for many years
The pancreas is a sufficiently vulnerable organ, therefore many factors can disturb its normal functioning:
- Use of fatty, fried and spicy food
- Neuropsychiatric hyperexcitation
- Chronic or acute alcohol poisoning
These provoking factors dramatically increase the secretion of pancreatic juice. The attack of pancreatitis is caused by the fact that the affected pancreatic ducts can not remove gastric juice and it does not enter the intestines, but directly into the pancreatic tissue itself, thereby causing its inflammation.
Women fall into the so-called risk zone of this disease both at the stage of pregnancy itself and in the early postpartum period; also men and women who are prone to alcohol abuse and overeating. . In addition, an attack of pancreatitis can be triggered by a prolonged intake of hormonal drugs and peptic ulcer .
. Quite often acute pancreatitis develops due to diseases of the bile duct and gall bladder, cirrhosis and urolithiasis . The physical trauma of the abdomen can also cause an attack of acute pancreatitis.
After an attack of acute pancreatitis, the patient often develops chronic pancreatitis, which can cause the development of such a terrible disease as diabetes (after all, the pancreas, in addition to pancreatic juice, also produces insulin)
- There are severe pain in the upper abdomen (in the left and right hypochondrium, in the epigastric region). Suffice often there are pains shingles. In the case of a severe course of the disease, pain can spread throughout the abdomen.
- There is quite a strong vomiting, not bringing relief. . At later periods of the disease, there is a non-occurrence of gas, bloating and stool retention .
- A serious poisoning of the whole organism develops, which is manifested by confusion, the appearance of jaundice and acute renal insufficiency
Treatment of acute pancreatitis takes place only in a surgical hospital. The first two days require complete starvation, and then attributed to the strictest diet and prescribed droppers. At the end of the critical period (due to severe pain), which usually lasts from two to seven days, the patient is transferred for further treatment to a normal ward. It is not uncommon for patients to achieve full recovery in a hospital for up to four months (in the event that surgical intervention is necessary to remove dead skin tissue of the gland)
Drug treatment used for chronic pancreatitis
- For effective pain relief, which often occurs with chronic pancreatitis, no-shpa is used.
- To suppress the emerging increased secretion of the pancreas, Almagel or phospholugel is prescribed.
- In case of lack of pancreatic juice, enzyme preparations are prescribed: pancreatin, panzinorm, festal and mezim forte.
- Also use calcium preparations, cholagogue, enveloping and sedative drugs, stimulating therapy and hormones
Diet for chronic pancreatitis
In chronic pancreatitis it is necessary to completely eliminate from your diet the use of spicy, pickled and smoked foods, alcoholic and carbonated drinks and sweet. In the diet of the patient should be present extremely fast digestible products.
It is necessary to increase the intake of protein and, conversely, to minimize the consumption of fats and carbohydrates. You should give up fried foods and rough fiber. Try to eat more vitamins if possible. The number of meals should be increased to five to six a day.
In conclusion, I would like to add that all the recommendations outlined in this article are purely informational in nature and specific treatment of pancreatitis can be prescribed only by the attending physician.