Mycoplasmosis is a disease that is caused by microorganisms belonging to the group of rhodumycloplasms and proceeds with damage to the joints, urogenital system (urogenital mycoplasmosis), respiratory organs (respiratory mycoplasmosis) and a number of other organs.
Mycoplasmas are microorganisms occupying an intermediate niche in the medical classification between fungi, viruses and bacteria. Mycoplasmas can not exist independently, so they parasitize on the cells of the "master" organism, getting the necessary nutrients from them. In most cases, mycoplasma attach to the epithelial cells of the mucous lining of the intestine, urogenital and respiratory tract.
In children, infection with mycoplasmas can occur from the mother during childbirth, and girls become infected more often than boys. In adults, sexual contact is the main route of infection. Mycoplasma contamination by household means is unlikely and can occur only in the case of very close household contact with the carrier (through someone else's swimsuit or underwear, someone else's towel, etc.). In most cases, mycoplasmosis proceeds quite secretively, with a predominance of low-symptom-erased forms. About 40% of patients do not feel any obvious symptoms, until a stressful situation (in particular an abortion) activates the infection, often leading to very serious complications.
The causative agents of urogenital mycoplasmosis are three types of mycoplasmas: Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasma urealiticum and Mycoplasma hominis.
Mycoplasma hominis is detected on the genitals of about 25% of newborn girls (boys are much less likely). Often children infected with mycoplasmosis during childbirth self-cure of mycoplasmas, and more often it occurs in boys. Mycoplasma hominis in girls who do not live sexually is diagnosed in 8 to 17% of cases, and in people who have an active sex life, the prevalence of Mycoplasma hominis is significantly increased. Carriers of this type of mycoplasmas are from 25 to 50% of women. Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasma urealiticum are very rare, so we will not focus on them.
Diseases that can cause mycoplasmosis:
- Gardnerellez (bacterial vaginosis). The causative agent is Mycoplasma hominis
- Urethritis (inflammation of the urethra). The causative agent is Mycoplasma genitalium
. - Pyelonephritis . The causative agent is Mycoplasma hominis
Inflammatory diseases of the appendages and uterus. The causative agent is Mycoplasma hominis
роль микоплазм в настоящее время еще не доказана In the development of prostatitis, the role of mycoplasma is not yet proven
Treatment of mycoplasmosis is quite a complicated process, however timely application of modern antibacterial drugs allows to cure mycoplasmosis in 95% of cases. Mandatory treatment of mycoplasmosis should be carried out at a regular sexual partner, otherwise you will not be able to avoid repeated infection (there is no resistance to the disease in the body). The drugs used to treat mycoplasmal infections are fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines and macrolides.
It is also necessary to know that there are no folk remedies for this disease.