Treatment of influenza and its prevention
ARVI and Flu are considered the most common infectious diseases, as they account for about ninety five percent of all reported cases of infectious diseases. The greatest danger to which a person with a flu is exposed is a possible complication. For example, the risk of developing pneumonia in the aftermath of the influenza is about fifty percent.
Influenza is a disease of the respiratory tract, which has an acute course and is caused by the influenza virus of various strains. This disease is considered very contagious and affects all people regardless of age and sex. The flu virus is transmitted from person to person by airborne droplets through coughing or sneezing. This disease is often accompanied by high intoxication of the whole organism, as a result of which the vessels become "brittle" and as a consequence their permeability rises. Therefore, patients suffering from bronchial asthma and diabetes mellitus fall into a special group of risk, since penetration of the influenza virus into the body can lead to serious consequences.
Symptoms of seasonal (as well as swine flu):
- Severe chills
- Very rapid rise in body temperature
- The appearance of a dry cough
- Occurrence of small discharge from the nose
- Suffice sensitive pain in the neck and muscles
- Inflammation of the nasal sinuses (sinusitis)
- Inflammation of skeletal muscle (myositis)
- Inflammation of the middle ear (otitis)
- Chronic sinusitis
- Inflammation of the bronchi (bronchitis)
- Inflammation of the brain substance (encephalitis)
- Inflammation of the membranes of the brain (meningitis)
- Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia)
- Diseases of the joints
- Inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis)
- Inflammation of the heart (pericarditis)
- Kidney diseases
- Inflammation of nerves
Those people who believe that advertising of "miraculous" drugs, able to get rid of the flu in three days, or even in case of a one-time admission, are showered on us recently from all sides are very mistaken.
It is necessary to know that - the immune response to the penetrated influenza virus develops in the human body only after three days from the moment of encountering the virus. And the ability to compete qualitatively in a penetrated infection, the body finds no earlier than the seventh day.
Flu is not in vain always accompanied by a very high body temperature, as high temperature is conceived by nature itself and is a kind of protective mechanism in the fight against the virus. That's why doctors recommend lowering the temperature only if it exceeds the value of 38.5 degrees (and in children 38 degrees). The choice of a certain antipyretic agent directly depends on the individual characteristics of the organism, therefore it is prescribed only by the attending physician. There is no increase in temperature only in critically ill people and in people with weakened immunity.
Also a misconception is that antibiotics can help with the flu. And they are just in this disease completely useless, since they do not affect the viruses in any way, and in some cases are even harmful. , тонзиллит, бронхит , гайморит и пр The attending physician prescribes antibiotics only if there are foci of chronic infection in the patient's body: pyelonephritis , tonsillitis, bronchitis , sinusitis, and the like
Regardless of the severity of the disease, all patients receive:
- Abundant drink in the form of cranberry or cranberry mors, hot tea, alkaline mineral water
- Paracetamol (or taitenol, or brufen-syrup) in the required age-related dosage - in case of a rise in body temperature above 38 degrees
- Antihistamines (suprastin, or tavegil, or zaditen, etc.)
- Mukaltin (or licorice root, or tincture of the althaea) - to extract sputum
- Broncholitin (glavent) - with a dry cough
- Pertusin - with a strong cough reflex
- Libexin - with a painful cough
- Multivitamins or ascorbic acid
- Children after two years at the initial stage of the disease can be given steam inhalations with mint infusions, calendula and chamomile
- At least seven hours of sleep per day, intake of vitamins C and A, proper nutrition and inclusion of honey and propolis in the diet.
- Ventilating the room, wet cleaning, mandatory thorough hand washing with soap after visiting public places.
- Systematic purification of the nasopharyngeal mucous membranes by rinsing the nose and rinsing the nose.
- If possible, as much as possible to limit visits to mass events and crowded places to avoid possible encounters with pathogens.