Cream for allergies
Cream for allergy is a kind of life-saving circle for people suffering from a dermal allergy. The task of complex antiallergic therapy is to prevent the development of complications and minimize the symptomatology that is annoying the patient. However, unfortunately, according to statistical data, after enough long-term treatment only about 40% of patients can say goodbye to an allergy forever.
The majority of registered clinical cases, when the allergy disappeared without a trace, is associated with a cure for the underlying disease. In spite of this, modern pharmaceutical science tirelessly continues to explore this widespread menacing disease and is developing increasingly sophisticated medicines whose action is aimed at the ultimate disposal of allergies.
Skin - the largest human body in its area. It is the skin that usually takes the first attack of external provoking allergens and signals the presence of internal problems. Skin is a kind of reflection of internal and external changes in the adequate functioning of human systems and organs
Cream for allergies - what is it used for?
Virtually any kind of allergic reaction manifests itself with various skin symptoms. It can be a rash, hyperemia, erosive wounds or blisters, papules or erythema. Since skin allergic symptoms are prone to progression and very rapid spread, all violations of the integrity of the epidermis should be eliminated immediately.
For the removal of hyperemia, itching and edema shows the use of external antiallergic drugs. Most often these are special solutions, ointment or creams from allergies, the action of which is aimed at arresting the spread of symptoms and alleviating unpleasant sensations.
The task of external antiallergic drugs is as follows:
• Elimination of burning, itching and inflammation (partially)
• Protection against new aggressive external factors
• Reduced dryness of the skin
• Additional therapy of attached fungal or bacterial infections
How to choose a cream for allergies?
Cream for allergies is an external product containing corticosteroids. Despite the presence of relative disadvantages, which include withdrawal syndrome, addiction and a secondary allergic reaction, allergy cream are the most effective means for treating skin manifestations. Creams are divided into non-fluorinated and fluorinated (contain fluorine).
Non-fluorinated corticosteroid creams and ointments are effective and have a milder sparing effect than fluorinated. Usually they are applied for two weeks, and you can do it even on the face ( allergy on the face ). In other areas of skin, non-creamed cream and ointment can be applied throughout the month.
In case of rapid development of the skin inflammatory process or its transition to the acute stage, the appointment of sufficiently effective fluorinated agents (gels, ointments, creams) is indicated. Unfortunately, in contrast to their high efficiency, they contain in their composition many components that can cause the development of side effects. Fluorinated cream from allergies is usually applied no more than seven days, and it can not be applied to the face.
I want to pay special attention to the fact that corticosteroid ointments and allergy creams on the skin can be prescribed only by a qualified allergist, tk. in the case of self-treatment with these drugs is very high risk of all kinds of complications.
A cream from an allergy can be and simply softening hypoallergenic. In the case of an implicit symptomatology and treatment of the patient to the doctor at an early stage of the development of the disease, it is quite sufficient to cure these medications and, before the use of corticosteroids, the matter may not come up. Softening creams are quite effective for dry papules and dry rashes, and on the contrary, if the skin allergy symptoms appear as bubbles and blisters with exudate - the use of softening creams will further aggravate the situation.
Outside antiallergic drugs are most effective only if they are selected and appointed by an experienced doctor. Any allergist should know and observe the following rules for choosing an outdoor remedy for allergies:
• First of all, you should correctly choose the dosage form of the drug recommended to the patient - solution, emulsion, ointment or cream. The choice directly depends on the prevalence, localization, depth of the dermal inflammatory process and the severity of the skin symptom
• Before prescribing the drug, to avoid additional allergization, a skin test should be done. Usually this allergy test is done on the inside of the forearm, it usually lasts for about twenty minutes, although testing of some external drugs takes hours and even days
• When changing the external means, as well as their forms, it is necessary to observe a very strict sequence. Usually the replacement of drugs depends on the dynamics of the course of the allergic process
• When appointing an external drug of choice, one should take into account the general anamnesis, the age of the patient and the features of his skin, on the condition and characteristics of which the degree of absorption of the drug depends.
The cream for skin allergies can also be cosmetological. For quite some time now, cosmetology has become a separate, full-fledged direction in medicine, and not as previously simply a related medical field. The drug "Emolent" is a novelty of a number of anti-allergic cosmetological external preparations, which has a good therapeutic effect in addition to cosmetology. This cream well softens the skin, relieves irritation and shows fairly good results for mild forms of skin allergic manifestations
Below we want to present the most effective and frequently used lotions, ointments and creams from allergies:
. • Lorinden . The drug is produced in the form of lotion, the active substance is flumethasone (refers to glucocorticoids). It is prescribed for hives, eczema and dermatitis as an antipruritic agent. Due to the shape of the release, Lorinden is often used on delicate areas of the skin where the ointment or cream is used uncomfortably
. • Fluorocort . The drug is available as an ointment, the active ingredient is triamcinolone (refers to glucocorticoids). Due to its fatty base, the active substance is absorbed gradually, thereby exposing the skin longer
. • Flucinar . Produced in the form of a gel or ointment, the active substance - fluocinolone acetonide (refers to glucocorticoids). This remedy is usually used for hives to relieve itching and inflammation
. • Celestoderm-B . The drug is released in the form of ointments and cream, the active ingredient is betamethasone (refers to glucocorticoids). Usually, this cream is used if the patient is diagnosed with an allergy to cold , t. in its composition it contains paraffin, which protects the skin from the effects of low temperatures
The following non-hormonal creams from allergies, in contrast to hormone-containing drugs, can be used systematically, since their side effects are insignificant and disappear quite quickly:
– крем от аллергии на лице. • Elidel - a cream from an allergy on the face. This drug contains alcohol, so it should be used with extreme caution, while it contains no minerals and oils, which usually clog pores. Elidel is classified as a non-comedogenic group of creams
– крем от аллергии на руках. • Kutiweit - an allergy cream on the hands. Because of the liquid paraffin contained in the formulation, it should not be applied on the face, but the skin of the hands of Kutiveyt not only heals, but also perfectly moisturizes, which is why it is often used for cold allergies (due to paraffin, the skin of hands is covered with a thin film, due to which makes it less sensitive to cold)
Children's cream for allergies
The cream for allergies in children should be chosen very carefully, since tender baby skin is especially sensitive and requires gentle gentle care. Today, specially designed for children's skin, hypoallergenic creams have a wide choice. Baby anti-allergy cream is recommended for use in extremely dry and dry skin. In addition, these creams can be used as a preventive, as well as a remedy during the course of dermatitis. Hypoallergenic baby creams can be applied to both the body and the face of the baby.
Due to the properly selected complex of active ingredients in the cream, the consequences disappear and the causes that cause dry skin are eliminated. In addition, the cream from the skin allergy in the child saturates the skin with fatty substances and gives it elasticity and softness. Some such remedies can be started from the first month of life.
Usually, the composition of children's antiallergic cream includes natural oils (macadamia, carite, etc.), liquid paraffin and other ingredients that allow them to saturate the skin with fats and acids, and restore its water balance.
Children's cream should not contain dyes, aromatics and must necessarily belong to the group of hypoallergenic creams. Creams should be chosen with a light texture that will be absorbed easily and easily applied to the skin.
The result of the correct use of an appropriately prescribed allergologist means elimination of foci of irritation due to allergic reactions, softening and enhancing the elasticity of the skin, restoring its natural functions.
Below we will consider the main external medicines used in children:
. • Fenistil (gel) . Active substance dimethindene maleate. This drug reduces irritation in allergic reactions, has a pronounced antipruritic and local anesthetic effect. Indications for use: sun and other burns, dermatoses, eczema, insect bites, urticaria . Fenistil is approved for use in children after the first month of life. Special instructions for the use of this gel: in infants and toddlers up to six years, this drug is not recommended for use in large areas of the skin
(негормональный препарат, БАД). • Gystan (non-hormonal drug, dietary supplements). The composition of this cream for topical application includes lily of the valley oil, betulin, dimethicone, and also extracts of calendula, violets, milkweed, lupine, birch buds, etc. This external agent is used in such allergic skin reactions as urticaria, pruritus, bubble rashes, bites insects, neurodermatitis and atopic dermatitis
. • Skin-cap . Produced in the form of a gel or cream, due to the presence of activated zinc pyrithione, has an antifungal and antibacterial effect. Used for psoriasis, atopic and seborrheic dermatitis, dry skin. Can be used in infants after a year.