Urticaria in the child
Urticaria in a child is a very unpleasant disease of allergic origin. A characteristic feature of the disease is the rapid appearance and disappearance of the rash during the day. Most often, this kind of allergic reaction occurs in infants in the first years of life and is associated with food intake
Hives in the child - signs
Urticaria in the child manifests itself in the form of blisters and skin itch, a characteristic pink or porcelain-white color of the rash. Eruptions appear in different forms, both single and multiple. If you notice a mucous edema in the child, there was a rash of incomprehensible origin, nausea, vomiting, headache , dizziness , blockage, then we advise you not to delay, but urgently to call an ambulance team
Hives for a child - reasons
Often, an allergic rash in a baby causes food (milk, egg white, oranges, strawberries, chicken meat), contact with flowers, citrus, excessive wrapping of the baby, overheating, hypothermia, contact with products made of wool, fur, latex, insect bites, inhalation dust, pollen of some plants, intolerance of drugs (penicillin, codeine, sulfonamides, aspirin, serums, vaccines), blood transfusion
Hives in a child - symptoms
How does hives begin in a child? Everything happens suddenly with intense itching on various parts of the skin. Blisters appear on the skin and on the mucous lips, the membranes of the eyes, the gastrointestinal tract. Urticaria in a child who already has 2 years of symptomatology is similar to the signs of a one-year-old rash. The rash is often combined with edema of the hands, eyes, joints, lips. Edema is able, like blisters, to last from several hours to several days.
But the most dangerous variant of urticaria is edema Quincke (angioedema), in which loose fiber - eyelids, lips, oral mucosa, genitalia, cheeks, larynx, tongue. The great danger is the swelling of the mucous respiratory tract. Difficulty breathing, and when inhaled there is a whistle, excruciating not passing paroxysmal cough and nasolabial triangle of the baby turns blue. The child falls into a panic state, and then the mother. The situation is not comical and it is urgent to give the baby first aid: immediately give any antihistamine, and otherwise there may be an unfavorable outcome. Do not delay and call an ambulance, and the emergency doctor will immediately introduce the necessary additional antihistamines, prednisolone, or epinephrine
Acute urticaria in the baby
If a child's urticaria appears for the first time, then this is an acute form. For acute urticaria characterized by a rise in temperature to 39 0 C, whims and anxiety of the baby. Most often this is a rash caused by the use of products containing allergens.
If urticaria does not pass through the child after the prescribed treatment, then it is necessary to appear in addition to an allergist-immunologist. Perhaps the allergen in the body of the baby has accumulated a lot, or the allergen continues to enter the baby's body with food or through contact with allergenic objects. If after several weeks of the diet, the rash remains, then its causes must be sought with the help of allergotests. After the consultation, you will be assigned a diagnosis, as well as a regimen for treatment of the rash, will be registered and will monitor the dynamics of recovery. It is very important for a full recovery in the future preventive and supportive treatment
Chronic urticaria in children
If you ignore the treatment, the acute form is able to change into a chronic one.
Chronic urticaria is characterized by a change in the improvement and deterioration of the sick child's condition. Deterioration is aggravated by itching and sometimes the urticaria smoothly passes into chronic dermatitis in the child.
Chronic urticaria in a child occurs due to disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, liver diseases, endocrine and autoimmune diseases, bile duct diseases, dysbacteriosis, chronic tonsillitis, caries, thrush, viral infections, sinusitis, environmentally unclean premises. Sometimes the cause can serve as a violation of the autonomic nervous system, as well as the stress of the baby.
Atopic recurrent urticaria is typical for a child of seven years. In her appearance, the following factors are at fault: genetic predisposition, perinatal encephalopathy, artificial feeding, and clinical manifestations of exudative diathesis.
With recurrent chronic urticaria, other symptoms may appear, in addition to the rash. These are abdominal pain, joint pain, hoarseness, dry cough, fever. Intervals between relapses may be up to three months
Urticaria in a child - treatment
At the child a urticaria and what in this situation to do or make, disturbs each excited mum? First of all, do not panic, but try to find out the root cause. Try to remember in the small details the past three days: what the baby was eating, where they were, with what objects they were in contact, check the places of the child's games.
If a strong urticaria in a child, it is necessary before the doctor's arrival to give the baby a room temperature water, decoction of the licorice root, to soothe the child by taking a warm bath.
Urticaria in an infant is often due to a violation of diet by the mother, so a woman should reconsider her diet and remove the allergen in this way.
Hives on the child's pride speaks of overheating or hypothermia, excessive wrapping, contact with woolen products, fur. It is necessary to release the baby from contact with allergenic objects, causing hives on the priest. Make a warm bath with a decoction of broth, nettle, wash the baby. This will facilitate his condition before the arrival of doctors. Use this method of reducing the vagaries of the baby: rubbing vodka, table vinegar 1: 2 with water, lemon juice.
Edema in a child with urticaria well removes sorbents (enterosgel, algisor, smecta, lactofiltrum), laxatives (dufalac), probiotics (linex, bifidumbacterin).
A severe course of autoimmune chronic urticaria is treated under the supervision of specialists. In order to prevent the house, a classic struggle is conducted: a war with dust, insects, the replacement of feather pillows on pillows with holofayberom, plants, flowers from children, animals are cleaned. Washing of children's products is carried out with household soap or hypoallergenic powder.
Acute urticaria in a child is treated with antihistamine drugs of the first generation (pifolen, suprastin), which still have a calming, hypnotic effect. Prescribe antihistamines taking into account the age and weight of the child lasting one week, then the drug is changed.
Recurrent urticaria in a child is treated with antihistamine drugs of the second generation (telphrast, claritin, zirtek).
If the child's condition is severe, then glucocorticoid hormones are added to the treatment. After removing the swelling and extinction of the rash, the dose of glucocorticoids decreases, and then is canceled.
Recurrent urticaria during remission is treated with a course of ketotifen
Urticaria in the baby - food
What to feed a child with hives? Often interested anxious moms. From the food should be removed food allergens (eggs, fish, chocolate, citrus). If you have reason to suspect a drug allergy, then cancel the medication.
Hives caused by food need to be treated with a hypoallergenic diet. New products are not introduced to the baby in the diet. With the artificial feeding of a child, hypoallergenic or hydrolyzed mixtures are introduced into the diet.
• Recommended cereals: buckwheat, corn, rice, cooked on the water, as well as hypoallergenic milk formula
• Vegetables and only green cultures: potatoes, zucchini, lettuce, dill, parsley, broccoli, soaked in water beforehand
• Vegetable oil and cream
• Sugar: fructose
• Rabbit and turkey meat
• Soups, cereals, meat with rabbit, turkey
• Sour milk products: natural cottage cheese, kefir without additives
• Bakery and confectionery products: unleavened white bread, hypoallergenic cookies, dry crispbread