диспепсия Dyspepsia is a digestive disorder, mostly of a functional nature, which arises from a poorly balanced diet (alimentary dyspepsia) or insufficient isolation of digestive enzymes (hepatogenic, gastrogenic, enterogenic, enzymatic, pancreatogenic dyspepsia)


Alimentary dyspepsia occurs as a result of prolonged consumption of food of one type in food and varies by fatty, putrefactive and fermental dyspepsia.

Fat (soap) dyspepsia is due to increased intake of fat in the intestine, especially such refractory and slowly digested as lamb and pork.

Putrid indigestion arises from the predominance of protein foods (mostly lamb / pork) in the food, which is very slowly digested in the intestines, and also because of the consumption of stale meat.

Fermentation dyspepsia arises from excessive consumption of carbohydrates (bread products, beans, honey, sugar, cabbage, fruits, etc.), as well as so-called fermented beverages (kvass, etc.). As a consequence, favorable conditions are created in the intestine and fermented microflora develops.

Functional dyspepsia occurs as a result of disorders of bile secretion, disorders of the secretory function of the stomach, production of intestinal juice and exocrine functions of the pancreas.

, ахилии, ахлоргидрии. Gastrogenic dyspepsia is observed in stomach cancer, atrophic gastritis , achilles, achlorhydria.

Enterogenic dyspepsia occurs with disaccharidase deficiency, chronic enteritis, and gluten disease.

Pancreatogenic dyspepsia is observed in pancreatic tumors, chronic pancreatitis and cystic fibrosis.

Hepatogenous dyspepsia occurs as a result of disorders of the zhelcheotoka


Perhaps the most important factor in treating dyspepsia is an adequately balanced diet. For all types of alimentary dyspepsia without exception, during the first day (sometimes one and a half days) hunger is prescribed. After that, with fatty dyspepsia, the intake of fat is maximally limited; when putrefactive - increase the daily intake of carbohydrates; when fermented increase the amount of protein intake, while reducing the consumption of low-molecular carbohydrates.

назначаются вяжущие препараты, лекарственные растения, имодиум. If dyspepsia is caused by a deficiency of digestive enzymes and accompanied by diarrhea, the treatment should be aimed at eliminating the underlying disease: for a period of two to five days, a diet No. 4 is assigned, which then goes to No. 46, and substitution therapy with abomin, polimer, penicreatine, To control diarrhea, astringents, medicinal plants, and imodium are prescribed.

In most cases, alimentary dyspepsia lasts only for a short time, but if you do not normalize the food - the course of the process can drag on with the subsequent occurrence of complications: the emergence and development of enterocolitis, enteritis and inflammatory processes of the intestinal mucosa.

Prevention of all types of dyspepsia is reduced to prevention, and if necessary, treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and properly balanced nutrition.