Pregnancy and depression
Unfortunately, with all the joy of the upcoming motherhood, pregnant women tend to suffer from depressive disorders or depression.
Depression is a mental disorder, which is characterized by both a reduction in mood, and a loss of ability to rejoice, as well as the prevalence of pessimistic views with negative judgments. For a depressed person, a low self-esteem is characteristic, as well as a loss of interest in habitual activities and, as a consequence, the abuse of alcohol and psychotropic substances.
Pregnancy for a young woman in the psychological aspect is an enormous burden on the psyche, because in the future the newly mummy is waiting for a new life, in a new status. And to such changes, women are morally not always ready and different reasons are for that. It is not always news about the upcoming motherhood is delighted, and also to the joy
Causes of depression during pregnancy
- Unsettled in everyday life and with housing issues
- Lack of material assistance and work
- misunderstanding among relatives, as well as unwillingness to replenish the family from the side of the spouse or relatives
- an unplanned pregnancy that changes the way of life
- genetic predisposition of the baby to illnesses of parents and relatives
- exhausting toxicosis
- dramatic experiences with the loss of a loved one, work, as well as social status (depression on the situation)
- physiological and psychosocial factors
- endogenous (internal) causes
- deficiency of biogenic amines (serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine)
- seasonal changes
- overdose of drugs
- abuse of sedatives, as well as hypnotics
- common influenza
- hormonal changes and weakness
Depression during pregnancy is treatable. It is known that people have suffered from depression since the time of antiquity. The famous physician Hippocrates gave a detailed description of melancholia, which resembles a modern description of depression and recommended treatment within that time. Hippocrates has given the important role in occurrence of depression to weather conditions and a season.
Depression for women is a phenomenon in three more common than among men. легче выявить поскольку они более разговорчивы. Among female depressive disorders are easier to identify because they are more talkative. But the main reason is hidden in the union of the emotional state of a woman with a neuroendocrine system. This relationship is pronounced in the critical periods of hormonal adjustment, namely during pregnancy. у женщин It was noted that the symptomatology of depression during pregnancy is much milder than in the postpartum period in women
Signs of depression during pregnancy
The first signs of depression are anxious fears for the outcome of pregnancy, as well as for their condition. From anxiety to a woman it is difficult to sit still, she is in constant expectation of misfortunes. Madly sorry for myself and I want to cry, and tears can pour on any occasion. The sleep is broken and the morning rise becomes unbearable. Deltas with appetite, melancholy, and also apathy bother the pregnant woman. There is a growing feeling that a woman will be a bad mother and will not cope with a new role.
The presence of the disease can be affirmed if the duration of the symptoms is more than two weeks
Treatment of depression in pregnant women
It goes without saying that depression can not occur during pregnancy in every woman. There are moms without problems carrying the entire pregnancy. But how can you help pregnant women who are depressed?
In severe cases of depression, tricyclic drugs are used - antidepressants (Amitriptyline, Melipramine), as well as selective inhibitors (Fluoxetine, Zoloft) with serotonin reuptake. These drugs do not increase the frequency of malformations of the fetus in pregnant women. But be prepared that children will be born with symptoms such as tremors, diarrhea, increased heartbeats, decreased activity of the gastrointestinal tract, etc.
Effective during pregnancy therapeutic hypnosis, as well as cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (the influence of thoughts on the emotional state). . Having mastered the skills of rational thinking, a pregnant woman adequately accepts events and her pregnancy .
Important in the course of pregnancy is the support of relatives, especially the husband, a good rest, outdoor walks and a balanced diet.
Learn to control your thoughts. Tell yourself: "I can control thought." As soon as bad thoughts come up, immediately stop them! It's not easy. All our thoughts, words, and feelings and deeds are dictated from the outside by the energies of good and evil. You need to experience situations consciously, as if from the side, while controlling emotions and thoughts. Control lies just in not letting out other people's emotions, as well as thoughts. Living in a society, a person as a cage absorbs the juices of this organism. Control is the realization that something enters you, invades. You can surrender to the power of depression, if only you allow the very thought: "I'm in sorrow." And it is possible to keep the situation in check by telling yourself: "I am trying to draw sorrow into my networks."
With the slightest prerequisites of a pessimistic attitude, say to yourself "stop" - and immediately switch to a positive thought. Learn to see the good and distinguish it from everything that is happening around you.
Pregnancy is a wonderful period in the life of a future mother, and many pregnant women experienced emotional experiences - depressive disorders, but safely withstood them. All will pass and your depression too, and life will be filled with joyful experiences about the sweet kid
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