Allergies in newborns
Allergy in newborns is the most common disease since the first days of a baby's life. The allergic reaction in newborns is more severe than in adults. It is a mistake to think that the baby has a nursing mother breast, insured against allergies. Just breast milk and contains these ill-fated allergens
Causes of allergies in newborns
What causes allergies in newborns? Of course, foods that contain allergens and are consumed by the mother, or products that are directly consumed by the baby. Increases the likelihood of allergies in neonates, the hereditary factor, as well as severe labor, fetal hypoxia and severe acute respiratory viral or intestinal infections. You can not exclude the low functional feature of the digestive tract of the baby. Antibodies are not yet ready to cope and provide protection for the intestinal mucosa.
Smoking during pregnancy also aggravates the situation towards the appearance of an allergic reaction in the baby. The next cause of allergies in newborns is infatuation with mom high-calorie allergenic foods during pregnancy. Later the baby will react sharply to such products: fish caviar, cow milk, seafood, chicken eggs, red, orange fruits and vegetables, coffee, chocolate, cocoa products, nuts, mushrooms, honey. Substances that trigger allergic reactions are called allergens. What else causes allergy in newborns? Food allergies are provoked by proteins found in food. Some food allergens have the ability to change allergic properties to a lesser extent under culinary processing, while others can gain an allergenicity even higher than the original one.
Often, the allergy on the face of a newborn appears some time after taking with the food of an allergic product, but there is also a slow reaction, which manifests itself on the second day. Everything is very individual in each case and depends on the most accepted allergen
Allergies in newborns
How does allergy develop in newborns? Its manifestations are different. It can be allergic skin lesions:
• redness, hives, rash on the body
• peeling and itching on the body, cheek skin
• constant intertrigo, abundant sweating
• formation of scales (gneiss) in the head and eyebrows, Quincke's edema
Or lesions of the gastrointestinal tract with mucosal edema:
• regurgitation, vomiting
• a liquid stool with a characteristic green admixture
• constipation , colic, flatulence
Rarely, the manifestation of allergy in newborns occurs as a respiratory disorder, accompanied by mucosal edema: an allergic rhinitis, bronchospasm
Bronchospasm and Quincke's edema pose a danger to the newborn with its unfavorable outcomes.
There are combinations of lesions of the skin, intestines and bronchi. In such cases, develop:
Allergies in newborns
If allergy symptoms occur in newborns, the pediatrician should be notified and receive the necessary treatment recommendations. In severe cases, venous blood sampling will be performed and the presence of immunoglobulins E. It is effective to detect an allergen diary in which the mother records the consumed foods. The first thing from which the treatment begins is the diet and the exclusion of allergic products. The tactics of diet therapy is chosen by the allergist doctor.
But before the arrival of a doctor, you must be able to provide first aid to your baby. For example, with bronchospasm, give the child for up to one year an antihistamine in the form of a syrup containing claritin or suprastin.
If the newborn is breastfed, the mother should take a strict diet with the exception of potential allergens. Nursing mother urgently excludes from her menu: fish, eggs, chicken eggs, nuts, honey, coffee, chocolate, cocoa, seafood, red and orange vegetables, fruits; broths, pickles, spicy dishes, spices, garlic, onion, radish, pineapple, kiwi, grapes, mayonnaise, chips, sausages, ham, sauces, ketchups, adzhika, carbonated drinks, beer, kvass.
Cautiously in small quantities applies whole milk, sour cream, sugar, salt, bakery products of the highest grade.
It is allowed without restriction sour-milk production: kefir, cottage cheese, bifid, biokefir, yoghurts without additives, hard grades of cheese, acidophilus; cereals: rice, oats, buckwheat, corn; soups: vegetarian, and also groats; meat: young beef, pork, turkey fillet, boiled chicken; lean fish: cod, pike perch, hake; vegetable oil and bakery products of the 2nd grade; drinks: mineral water still, weak tea, compote, fruit drink.
At artificial, and also the mixed feeding of the kid by the food allergen the cow protein from a children's mixture acts. In this case, it is necessary to replace the hypoallergenic soy or hydrolyzed mixture prescribed by the doctor. But even with such a diet, there are troubles: it is possible to tolerate a soy diet and repulsive unpleasant taste of hydrolyzed mixture for the baby.
Such a diet is recommended for three months and only after that the maternal diet is gradually expanded, excluding, of course, highly allergenic foods.
In the treatment, the doctor prescribes antihistamines, various creams, adsorbents, ointments for local application to the baby's skin.
Cream Elidel is used for the occurrence of skin itching and removal of inflammation from the age of three months of the child.
Cream Bubchen (Bubchen) - special and protective with panthenol. This cream is indispensable in the diaper area and is especially recommended by Bübchen cream under the baby diaper from birth.
Cream Bubchen from allergies in newborns received good reviews from moms concerned about the baby's inflamed skin. After the start of treatment, the allergy in newborns goes away in a short time. Bubchen cream removes diaper rash, redness, minor abrasions and bruises, enriching the skin with nutrients. Cream Bubchen for infants is recommended dermatolagami. The composition of this cream: vitamin E, chamomile, panthenol, fish oil, allantoin. In application it is very simple: it is necessary to apply on clean baby skin up to four times a day. Treatment lasts up to ten days.
Ointment Fenistil for children is recommended from the first month to relieve inflammation of the skin.
Fenistil drops are prescribed from the first month of 3 caps. bringing up to 10 cap. Repeat reception 3 times a day. These drops from allergies are considered very effective for newborns.
Before starting treatment with antihistamines, use a good proven folk method to wipe the baby's cheeks with a string and use a baby cream based on chamomile and only after that go to the strong means.