Allergies in an infant
Allergy in an infant is a very common phenomenon, manifested in rashes, mainly on food, and occurs in heavier forms than in adults. Breastfeeding mothers mistakenly believe that this kind of food will always save the crumb from allergies. But allergens can also be found in breast milk.
And how do you know the beginning symptoms of an allergy in a child, and then protect your baby's parents?
Immune reactions that trigger allergies are called allergens. Containing proteins in the food cause food allergy. There is the ability of some food allergens to increase their properties in the process of cooking, while others to lose allergenicity.
In the body of the baby allergens are synthesized immunoglobulins E, which in turn activate the reactions leading to the development of allergic symptoms.
Often, an allergy in an infant begins after the ingestion of a product containing an allergen, but there is a delayed allergic reaction, manifested after a few hours
Allergies in an infant - symptoms
If the child has a food allergy , the symptoms on the skin are: a rash all over the body, redness, peeling of the cheek skin ( diathesis ), itching, diaper rash, abundant sweating, gneiss (flakes and scaling on the head, and also eyebrows), swelling of the quincke, urticaria .
Symptoms of allergies in the infant that affect the gastrointestinal tract are: vomiting, regurgitation, constipation , loose stool foamy or with a touch of greens, colic, flatulence.
Symptoms of allergies, such as respiratory disorders in the infant such: allergic rhinitis, bronchospasm.
The greatest danger to the infant is the swelling of the quincke . In the larynx of the baby, suffocation begins, very much like a symptomatic attack of bronchial asthma. First there is hoarseness, then barking cough and shortness of breath with noisy breathing. The complexion changes, becoming a bluish tinge turning into a sharply pale one.
Symptoms of allergies can be combined with damage to the skin, bronchi, and intestines.
By itself, food allergy is able to be the forerunner of other allergic diseases: bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis
Allergies in an infant - reasons
Mom raises questions: where do allergic manifestations come from? If nursing mother sins with diet, consuming high-calorie foods, this can be the main reason, and if the baby is on artificial feeding, then the reason is the products used.
The likelihood of food allergies in babies increases due to heredity. If the allergy was earlier in one of the parents, then the risk of developing such a disease in a baby reaches 37%, and in case of illness of both parents - the risk rises to 62%.
The next factor that causes an allergic reaction in infants is oxygen deficiency (fetal hypoxia). This happens if the pregnancy and childbirth of the child were severe in combination with acute respiratory-viral, as well as intestinal infections. Food allergy in an infant depends on the functional characteristics of the digestive tract. And for the newborn is characterized by the presence of increased permeability of the mucous membranes, since it is easy to allergens penetrate into the blood.
Smoking during pregnancy , an overdose of antibiotic therapy during treatment, the presence of cardiovascular, as well as bronchopulmonary diseases in the future mother, negatively affects the children's organism, and you are provided with an allergy in an infant.
Those mothers who consumed eggs, caviar, milk, seafood, red and orange fruits, kiwi, vegetables, as well as juices from them, coffee, mushrooms, cocoa, nuts, chocolate, honey, the whole baby, are very much exposed to an infant future allergies
Diagnosis of child allergies
If the infant has symptoms of allergy, then a consultation with a pediatric allergist, pediatrician or nutritionist is necessary. With pronounced manifestations of food allergic reaction, as well as the presence of skin rashes and malfunctions in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, a mother with an infant is hospitalized in a hospital.
Diagnosis of allergies begins with a survey of parents, an examination of the infant, the definition of the relationship between the food intake, a mandatory blood test (for reliability from the vein), ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity.
A high level of total immunoglobulin E, as well as an elevated level of eosinophils from a blood test, indicates an allergic reaction.
Indirect evidence of the presence of allergies in the infant is the disappearance of symptoms after stopping allergen products by the mother, as well as using anti-allergy drugs.
Additional help in diagnosing allergies is the food diary, in which you can trace the nutrition and drinking of the baby
Allergy in an infant - treatment
Diet comes to the fore in the treatment of allergies in the infant and thus eliminates the causally significant food allergen. But each case is treated individually by the doctor, otherwise the mother may aggravate the situation.
If you notice bronchospasm in an infant, accompanied by an allergic swelling, do not hesitate and call for an ambulance. Consult with ambulance doctors how much antihistamine drug to give babies from your home, such as Fenistil drops.
When the baby is on natural feeding, the maternal diet is revised and products related to industrial production (crystalline sugar, fat emulsifiers, artificial dyes, preservatives, dyes) are excluded. At the same time, salt and sugar, fried foods and strong broths are removed from the diet. Dairy products are restricted, and the emphasis is on natural feeding
Recommendations for lactating mothers
It is necessary to exclude from the menu the following highly allergenic products: chicken eggs, fish, caviar, seafood, honey, nuts, chocolate, coffee, mushrooms, cocoa, fruits, vegetables, red and orange berries, kiwi, radish, radish, avocado, pineapple, grapes , marinades, broths, sauerkraut, canned food, spicy and salty dishes, spices, canned food, garlic, onions. We remove from the diet products with dyes, preservatives, sauces, mayonnaise, adjika, chips, tkemali, ketchups, soft cheeses, sausages, smoked products, sausages, glazed drinks, beer, ham, kvass. Restrictions are obtained such products: sour cream, whole milk, pasta and bakery products of the highest grade, semolina, sugar, confectionery, salt.
The following products are allowed: kefir, cottage cheese, biokefir, acidophilus, bifid, yogurt without additives, hard cheeses, corn, buckwheat, oat, rice; vegetables, as well as green and white fruits, vegetarian and cereal soups, young beef, pork, turkey, boiled chicken, codfish, pikeperch, hake, vegetable oil, 2nd grade bread, fresh biscuits, compote, tea, mineral water , mors.
When finding a baby on artificial as well as mixed nutrition, it should be assumed that the cause of food allergies were the proteins of cow's milk. In this case, we replace the milk formula with a specialized hypoallergenic.
When finding out the source of allergy, this product is excluded from the baby's diet. This diet is observed up to three months, and as a result, the symptoms of food allergy gradually decrease.
Doctors appoint infants adsorbents, antihistamines, creams, ointments to treat the skin, hormones
Prevention of allergies in children
Remember the simple rules: if your baby is allergic, then until the baby reaches the age of six months, we do not give the lure. And such products as eggs, fish, citrus, cow's milk, wheat, nuts, we enter into food after two years. Remember that any of these products can trigger an allergic reaction. To prevent the occurrence of allergies, follow the emptying of the baby's intestines, do not use syrups with dyes when treating other diseases, use only hypoallergenic cosmetics for children, limit water procedures to 20 minutes, pre-water and filter water, avoid bathing in chlorinated water, do not rub the baby's skin with washcloths , after bathing gently pat the skin of the baby with a towel, moisten the skin with special means, the baby's clothes should be made of soft tissues, blankets and pillows should consist of synthetic fillers, babe rational clothes, avoiding overheating, use for games toys that are safe by age, clean pets and watch the cleanliness of the air, walk more with the child.
Many parents are concerned about whether the allergy symptoms in a child will stop with age. They will stop, but only if the early treatment and improving the function of the liver, intestines, and the immune system of the baby are timely.