Allergy to the mixture
Allergy to the mixture - a fairly common phenomenon in infants who are on artificial feeding. This is due to numerous factors, the main of which is intolerance of the individual components of this product. In children up to one year the most common food allergen is a protein of cow's milk, and since the vast majority of infant formula is made on the basis of whey or cow's milk, allergy to the mixture develops. For most mothers, salvage from this type of allergy is a specially developed hypoallergenic mixture.
Unfortunately, some mothers, after starting production of hypoallergenic mixtures, stop breastfeeding the baby, transferring it to artificial feeding with these substitutes for mother's milk. However, this should not be done, since breast milk will always be better than any, even the safest hypoallergenic mixture. Allergy to mother's milk can develop only if the feeding mother uses banned food (raspberries, strawberries, eggs, cocoa, chocolate, etc.) during this period. Therefore, if during breastfeeding the baby has an allergy, breast-feeding the baby should not be thrown, you should just stick to the hypoallergenic diet.
In order to avoid allergy to the mixture in the baby, it should be selected food in accordance with the current immune status of the baby. In addition, a pediatrician who watches a child should take into account a family history and if at least one of the parents has any kind of allergy, the risk of developing an allergy to a mixture in a child increases many times. For such children, special mixtures based on non-milk protein are developed, and its hydrolyzate
Allergy to the mixture - how to determine?
In the event that a baby's skin rash appears, the pediatrician should be consulted to determine if a rash is allergic. Then, together with the doctor, it is necessary to exclude contact dermatitis (a possible allergic reaction to cream, diapers, children's detergent powder), which occurs exclusively at the place where the baby's skin contacts the provoking allergen. After this, allergy to foods and medicines is ruled out. At the end of all the above manipulations, you can start thinking that the infant is on an artificial feeding, most likely it reacts to the proteins of cow's milk.
Allergy to the mixture - what to do?
If the baby has allergic manifestations on the mixture, there are several options, and which one to give preference depends on the degree of symptomatology:
- If the baby has an excess of body weight and regurgitation, in addition to skin rashes, it is overfeed and the diurnal and one-time amounts of feedings should be reduced to the recommended dosages for a given age. In the case when the baby is already used to eating a lot, the mixture should be made less concentrated, i.e. just dilute. This will significantly reduce the load on the digestive tract, the intestines will reduce the processes of fermentation and decay, the mixture will be digested much better and allergic manifestations will also decrease accordingly
- If the rashes on the skin are moderate or very slight, you can simply try to change one mixture for another, with preference given to sour-milk mixtures or mixtures containing probiotics. The use of such mixtures creates all the favorable conditions for reproduction of beneficial lactic acid bacteria in the intestines of the baby, so that the mixtures are much easier to digest and cause allergies in single cases
- It is necessary to completely exclude from the child's daily diet provoking allergen (in this case it is a protein of cow's milk). This should be done if the above two options have not helped to cope with allergic manifestations or if allergy symptoms are very severe
If the child is allergic to the mixture, then the provoking allergen (cow's milk protein) can be eliminated in the following ways:
- Replace the mixture in cow's milk with the mixture on goat's milk. This option is most preferable, as the proteins of goat's milk are full-fledged animal proteins and in terms of nutritional value are not inferior to cow's milk proteins. In this case, the structure of the goat's milk protein from cow's proteins is significantly different, which is an alternative option in the case when the child is allergic to cow's milk protein . Throughout the first year of life, adapted mixtures based on goat milk can be used as the main food of the child. However, unfortunately, some children also have an allergy to these mixtures
- Replacement of the mixture based on cow milk with a special soya mixture. Previously, this was a common option (before the appearance of goat-milk mixtures), but at present it is less preferable. However, it is soy mixtures that are used for feeding babies with allergies to both cow and goat milk, as the plant proteins are very different in structure from animals. Unfortunately, soy protein has less nutritional value, is slightly worse digested and absorbed. In addition, soy mixes in taste characteristics in comparison with milk mixtures also differ far from the best. The likelihood of developing an allergy to a soy mix is about 15%
- The third and final option is the final replacement of the mixture based on cow's milk with a therapeutic hypoallergenic mixture. For many children this option is most preferable
Transfer of the baby to another mixture should be carried out gradually in terms of five to fifteen days. This should be done even in the case of a developing allergic reaction, since the body of the baby should gradually get used to a new product, to avoid breakdown of digestion, a disorder in the stool, or simply refusing to use a new mixture.
Rice milk is another way out of this situation. If the mother does not (or has finished) her milk, or the baby is allergic to the milk mixture, both for bovine and soy protein, the only way out is to feed the baby with macrobiotic rice milk and the mixtures made on its basis. As in mixtures based on soy, rice milk also lacks some vital fats, the deficit of which must be replenished with the help of special additives introduced into the ration of the child
Despite the fact that these mixtures are called hypoallergenic and widely advertised in terms of their absolutely harmless use, and the mother can easily choose them even without the appropriate doctor's appointment - for the treatment of children with allergies to cow protein, these mixtures are not intended!
The basis of hypoallergenic mixtures is a partial protein hydrolyzate, in other words, the mixture contains peptides that can cause the development of various allergic manifestations in children. If the baby is already diagnosed with an allergy to milk , such a mixture is definitely not suitable.
Prophylactic hypoallergenic mixtures are prescribed by the doctor as starting compounds for children in the group at increased risk of developing allergies to cow's milk protein. Also, these mixtures serve as a kind of start in the transfer of the baby to the constant artificial feeding.
The following hypoallergenic mixtures proved to be well-suited: Human GA, Hypoallergenic NAN, Similac GA, Nutrilon GA, Nutrilac GA, Fisolac GA, Combiotic 2 and Hipp HA.
In severe allergies, the child is transferred to the elemental mixture Nutrilon Amino acid, which instead of protein in its composition contains a set of amino acids. This mixture can not cause an allergy under any circumstances. Element mixture Nutrilon Amino acid is the final step in the selection of a mixture for the allergic child.