Allergy to dust
Allergy to dust - a widely spread in recent years, the body's allergic reaction to the home dust present in each house, manifested by lacrimation, sneezing and runny nose. According to the World Health Organization, an allergy to household dust is observed in about 40% of the world's population and often leads to various diseases of the respiratory tract and bronchial asthma.
Home dust allergists consider one of the most dangerous and common allergens, tk. in it often there is a huge quantity of various irritating components. And it's not just ordinary dust particles, but also microscopic particles of paint, pet hair, fluff, as well as viruses and bacteria. In addition, home dust is always invisible to the human eye tiny mites (their size 0.1-0.3 millimeters) of house dust - saprophytes that can cause a truly huge harm to human health. The greatest concentration of mites is observed in bedding, where the most optimal conditions for their possible reproduction and further development are created. Only in 1 gram of dust from a mattress or a pillow can be from 200 to 15000 mites! The immediate irritant are not bites of ticks (they do not bite a person), and their products of vital activity, which get into the body of a person sensitive to this allergen, cause a strong allergic reaction. Allergy to dust does not occur in people who are not susceptible to this particular allergen. In addition to ticks, mildew spores, cockroaches, animal hair and other irritants can often cause an allergic reaction.
To date, allocated about one hundred and fifty species of ticks, able to live in people's homes. Home dust mites are divided into three groups, with only ticks of the first group causing an allergy to dust. The first group includes some barn mites that live in places where food is stored - vegetables, flour, cereals and grains. The second group includes predatory dust mites, which feed on mites of the first group. The third group includes mites, which accidentally got into house dust. The second and third groups do not cause an allergy to dust.
Dust mites can safely exist even at sub-zero temperatures, it is almost impossible to remove them from soft furniture and carpets with a conventional vacuum cleaner, since in addition to their claws they emit a sufficiently sticky substance, thereby sticking to any surface. Inside the soft furniture mites can penetrate to a depth of up to thirty centimeters.
Some types of dust mites can cause professional allergic diseases in people working with their infected products - cheese dermatosis, grocery dermatosis, baker's dermatosis, etc.
Allergy to dust - symptoms
Dust allergies can manifest themselves differently, but any of its symptoms are very unpleasant and well marked. The most common dust allergy symptoms are similar to the pollen allergy symptomatology, itching and redness of the eyelids, tearing, itching in the nose, runny nose, skin rashes, bronchial asthma, sneezing, coughing and attacks of suffocation. Allergy to house dust accompanies a person regardless of the season throughout the calendar year, which with confidence allows you to exclude allergies to plants and various colds. Characteristic is the fact that in the case of a long absence in an apartment infected with ticks, the person's health improves noticeably and the symptoms fade. Below we will consider the most common symptoms of dust allergy:
• Allergic rhinitis (hay fever). This is not very difficult, but it is able to spoil the life of a person quite enough, a disease manifested by transparent discharge from the nose, sneezing, burning sensation and itching in the nasopharynx, headache and tearing. Rinit begins with a slight tickling in the nose and gradually develops into a painful continuous sneeze. In some cases, allergic rhinitis develops into such a serious disease as bronchial asthma. Virtually any allergen (food, mold, animal hair, etc.) can cause it, but the main culprit for the development of rhinitis is dust. After contact with the allergen, the response in the form of the appearance of the corresponding symptomatology usually develops almost instantaneously, but in some cases it may be slightly delayed. This occurs in the case of constant contact with a provoking allergen
• Conjunctivitis . This disease is a fairly common manifestation of allergy to dust. About 15% of the population at least once faced this problem. Conjunctivitis is characterized by a feeling of itching and / or burning in the eyes, reddening of the proteins, redness and swelling of the eyelids, lacrimation. Sometimes the vision may also suffer - the surrounding objects look "blurred". People who wear contact lenses suffer the most difficult conjunctivitis. The worst outcome of conjunctivitis is a severe corneal lesion
• Bronchial asthma . Allergic asthma is the most common form of bronchial asthma, for example, in Russia for example, it suffers from every twelfth resident, and the dynamics of growth in recent years has become truly menacing. After the ingestion of an allergic stimulus in the respiratory tract, the immune defense begins to give a quick sharp rebuff to the foreign agent - the airways become inflamed, filled with thick mucus, and the muscles of the respiratory tract decrease sharply. To start an attack of allergic asthma is characterized by a dry, excruciating cough and a shortened rapid wheezing. In the chest feels a sense of heaviness, there is shortness of breath. Due to lack of breathing air, a person often has a panic condition. Allergic asthma in young children in severe cases can even lead to death, so if there is an allergy to dust in the child, immediate measures should be taken to treat it and further prevent it. Unfortunately very often doctors take asthma for usual bronchitis and accordingly appoint inadequate treatment that can only worsen the situation
Allergy to dust - treatment
In the event that all of the above symptoms are most pronounced in the morning and / or at night, and out of the room quickly disappear, the cause of this ailment is most likely in house dust. Appropriate adequate treatment can be prescribed only by the doctor an allergist, however it will not have the slightest effect if it does not qualitatively combat the original cause - home dust.
Treatment of allergy to dust should always have a comprehensive approach. First of all, the contact of the patient with the provoking allergen should be completely ruled out. This is the most difficult task, since it is impossible to remove mites from carpets or furniture with an ordinary vacuum cleaner. Particular attention should be paid to the bedroom - bed linen should be changed at least once a week, it is necessary to wear dustproof covers on mattresses. Pillows and blankets should be chosen with synthetic fillers, since they are not for propagation of ticks by a favorable medium. Bedding must be washed at high temperatures.
At least twice a week, you should vacuum and conduct in the room a quality wet cleaning. In order to reduce the humidity of the air (with increased humidity, household pliers accelerate), a dehumidifier or air conditioner should be used. Airing an apartment is also necessary regularly. In the case of a persistent allergy to dust, carpeting should be completely discarded, replacing them with vinyl or wood.
Treatment of allergy to dust is carried out using anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed by the allergist and antihistamines. In food should be present a large amount of vitamin C (citrus, greens, elder, currant, sweet pepper, etc.), which significantly reduces the increased susceptibility to allergens.
Well-proven methods of fighting dust:
• When cleaning the apartment and washing it in water, you should add tea tree oil
• Curtains and bed linens must be washed in hot water
• Floors during cleaning should be washed with salt solution, for ten liters of water, five tablespoons of salt
Allergy is very insidious able to manifest itself at any age of the disease. Disease, stress, lifestyle changes - all this significantly weakens immunity and often becomes the reason that until recently a completely healthy person suddenly becomes allergic. Therefore, the refusal to eat harmful products, smoking, qualified timely treatment, regular cleaning of the apartment and a healthy lifestyle will help successfully cope with the developed allergy to dust.