Allergy to the face
Allergy on the face - an allergic reaction to any stimulus, manifested in the form of skin peeling, red spots and areas of the rash. Also, the child's face allergy often appears in the eyes, with heavy breathing, sneezing and swelling of the nasal mucosa. Skin manifestations can be different: in the form of edema, dermatitis, urticaria, etc., and in some cases, the allergic reaction manifests itself gradually, while in others it is almost instantaneous.
Allergy on the face of a child is a kind of protective reaction of the body's immune defense to penetration into it of a foreign hostile agent (allergen). Allergy in children must necessarily be treated, since in the absence of it, the progression of an allergic reaction often leads to such serious diseases as Quincke's edema, bronchial asthma , atopic dermatitis, and so forth.
Allergy on the face - causes
For children, the most common allergens are certain foods: seafood, cow milk, nuts, eggs, etc. In addition, a newborn's face allergy may appear due to the use of such medicines as salicylates, sulfonamides, penicillin and local anesthetics. Also, common allergens include: various chemicals, household chemicals, pet hair, insect bites, seasons, dust, mold fungi, house dust mites, pollen of various plants.
The main cause of allergy development on the face in children is the immune defense weakened for some external or internal reasons. Most often, allergic reactions in infants are manifested after the introduction of a new food product in his menu. Parents should be aware that if on the face of the child allergic reactions have been seen, it is necessary not to delay contacting the dermatologist. Usually in such cases, a diagnosis of diathesis is established. Progression of this disease can not be allowed, because the characteristic spots on the cheeks will acquire a bright red color (red face) and can spread to the adjacent areas of the baby's body.
As mentioned above, atopic dermatitis is one of the most common allergic skin diseases in children. This disease is characterized by a tendency to migrate to the new body, which is directly related to the child's age. For example, if atopic dermatitis began to appear from the age of two, then usually allergic rashes are localized on the flexor-extensor sites of the limbs and on the child's face. Most often, the rashes are localized in the skin folds in the wrist, around the large joints and in the neck cords. In the case of the transition of dermatitis into a chronic form, areas of hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation are observed. In addition, an additional fold of the lower eyelid is observed. In adolescence, rashes are usually localized in the delineated areas of the skin of the upper limbs, neck, face and upper body.
Most parents with the first allergic manifestations begin to panic and ask a completely natural question: Allergy on the face - what to do? The main thing is not to panic, but to try to eliminate these manifestations in the shortest possible time. If a child has an allergy to the skin of the face, first of all it is necessary to determine which particular allergen causes such reactivity of the organism. Often, it is not immediately possible to determine this, especially when there were no changes in the home and in the food intake. In such cases, only personal observations can really help, especially if one of the members of the family has at least the slightest idea of the allergic reactivity of the organism and allergens.
In those cases when it was possible to detect the allergen quickly (a small dose of an intolerant drug, etc.) and all recommendations were observed, all the manifestations on the facial skin disappeared quite quickly without the use of any medications.
Unfortunately, it is far from always possible to determine the cause of the allergy on the skin of a person on their own. In such cases, the only correct solution will be a referral to an allergist.
Symptoms of an allergy on the face - accompanied by burning and itching of a different kind of skin rashes on the face, neck and hands. Very often people in case of appearance on their face of allergic manifestations wash with hot or cold water with lotion, cologne or soap. This is strictly forbidden, as the inflammation of the skin will only increase
Allergy on the face - treatment
An allergy to the skin of the face delivers the most unpleasant sensations, since in addition to the usual incessant sense of discomfort for this disease, the appearance is significantly affected. Edema of the face with allergies is one of the main manifestations of Quincke's edema, the development of which requires immediate emergency help.
Intramuscular and / or intravenous administration of antihistamines such as diphenhydramine, suprastin, claritin, etc., is used as an emergency measure. In case of inability to inject the drug, its oral intake is not ruled out, in that the medicament is best placed under the tongue.
Treatment of allergy on the face skin is aimed at both removing the present irritation and blocking allergens. The most effective treatment is coordinated treatment, in which the therapeutic measures are aimed not only at the removal of symptoms, but also to eliminate the cause of skin allergy, since in the case of repeated exposure to the allergen on the child's body, its response may be much worse.
Treatment of allergies in children includes several concurrent directions. First and foremost, this is diet therapy, which is prescribed strictly individually for each baby. Simultaneously, treatment of concomitant diseases (more often it is dysbacteriosis of the intestine , biliary dyskinesia, gastritis ) should be treated, since they are often the initiators of allergy development. In addition, parallel treatment of facial skin should be carried out.
With local treatment of the skin of the face, a dermatologist will prescribe the necessary cream or ointment from an allergy on the face that helps to relieve allergic inflammation. If the cream for allergy on the face is selected correctly, the transition of the disease into a chronic form and further complications is almost always avoided.
The most commonly used corticosteroid ointments for allergies are Fluorocort, Advantan, Ecolum, Skin-cap.
Treatment of allergy on the face of children does not end with local means, so both internal treatment of the disease should be carried out simultaneously. The thing is that many ointments from allergy on the face remove only the outer symptoms of allergy, so if the internal treatment is not applied, the disease will still remain. In case of untimely and inadequate treatment, the development of such complications as pathological changes in the gastrointestinal tract, bronchi and nasopharynx is possible. Strictly depending on the current age of the child, the allergist prescribes certain anti-allergic drugs. Edema of the face with allergy is usually removed by subcutaneous injection of hydrocortisone hemisuccinate or 0.1% adrenaline.
Azulen, which enters a camomile cream from an allergy on the face, has a good disinfectant and anti-inflammatory effect. A good health effect this cream from allergies on the face has and with other skin lesions, with sunburn including. For the removal of allergic manifestations, the washing with herbs (chamomile, string, etc.) is quite successfully used, which have a persistent soothing effect.
Allergy to the face skin is usually treated for more than one year. The main method of treatment is hyposensitization, consisting of a wide range of therapeutic measures, which is aimed at reducing the body's response to the presence of foreign bodies. One of the main methods of this therapeutic complex treatment is the systematic introduction of meager doses of an allergen. This technique leads to the fact that the organism spends on the allergen the substances intended for struggle with it, after reducing the amount of which the body's reaction to the allergen becomes not so strong.