Allergy to latex
Allergy to latex is an allergic reaction to natural rubber latex produced from natural rubber juice. To be more precise, the allergy develops into some proteins that are part of natural latex. In people who are allergic to latex people, the body mistakenly takes this component for an aggressive alien substance and begins to fight it through development various manifestations of an allergic nature.
Latex allergy usually causes reactions that are characteristic of all allergic diseases, ranging from a common cold to a serious enough life-threatening anaphylactic shock. Determine the presence of allergies to this component, as well as find out the possible attitude towards the risk group, in the state only a qualified allergist.
The most common source of allergies of this kind are conventional medical and household rubber gloves, but latex is also found in other rubber products - balloons, condoms, some medical devices, etc.
In addition to medical workers, people at risk include allergies to latex:
• With deformed urinary tract or bladder
• Defective bone marrow cells
• With a urinary catheter, which has a rubber tip
• Many operations
• With intolerance to chestnuts, kiwi, bananas and avocados
• Patients with eczema and / or asthma
• Often using condoms
• Related to the industrial production of rubber products
The exact cause of the allergic reaction to latex-containing products is not completely determined, but numerous observations have shown that repeated long-term contacts with rubber and latex can provoke quite healthy people to develop allergic symptoms. According to statistical data, about 8% of housewives and 15% of medical workers have different forms of latex allergy
Allergy to latex - symptoms
The main ways of getting latex into the human body: when using latex gloves through the skin, when inhaling rubber covering the powder, through the mucous membranes (rectum, genitals, mouth, eyes), using rubber-containing tools during medical manipulations (through the blood).
In the first place, the allergic reaction to latex is manifested in the form of contact dermatitis with symptoms such as damage, burning, itching and dry skin. Such a reaction develops due to the effect of various chemicals in rubber gloves. Contact dermatitis is considered a non-hazardous reaction and refers to non-allergic skin reactions.
But when the body reacts to the substances and components used in the manufacture of latex, allergic contact dermatitis develops, manifested by dryness, itching, flaking and burning of the skin. This allergic reaction manifests itself much more sharply, is prone to spread over large enough areas of the body and lasts longer. Also, a severe reaction to latex can manifest as rhinitis with the symptoms of hay fever and cause colic, conjunctivitis, a severe itching rash. In rare cases, palpitations, lowering of blood pressure, and anaphylactic shock can be observed.
Symptoms of allergy to latex in different people are different and can manifest as minor rapid redness, and serious problems of the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Fortunately, allergy to latex with severe symptoms is rarely enough, but refusal of treatment can lead to rather disastrous consequences.
With diagnosed allergy to latex, cross allergic reactions to tomatoes, peach, pineapple, mango, melon, fig, chestnut, avocado, papaya, kiwi, bananas and passionfruit are observed.
In case of development of any of the above symptoms, you should, without delay, seek medical help from an allergist. A qualified medical worker in the process of preliminary communication will be able to identify the relationship of the development of allergic symptoms and contact with latex. To identify the presence of latex allergy, there are special questionnaires. A so-called "glove test" was widely used based on observation of the reaction after and during contact with latex. In addition, the patient is shown carrying out skin tests with a latex allergen. To clarify the diagnosis, a study of the function of external respiration (reveals latex-induced bronchial asthma), monitoring PSV, etc. research
Allergy to latex - treatment
With latex allergies, the basis of all therapeutic and prophylactic measures is the exclusion of contact with latex. This applies even to those latex products that some firms position as "hypoallergenic", since with latex allergy, any contact with this substance should be ruled out. Rubber hypoallergenic gloves are best worn by people who contact with latex for certain reasons will be inevitable, however, they have not yet formed the latex allergy. Those who have an allergy to latex already have rubber gloves necessarily replaced with neopril, nitrile or vinyl. Also, the latex containing medical equipment should be discarded, contact with plasters, disposable syringes and enemas should be avoided. Concerning condoms, latex-free analogs exist, but if they can not be obtained, the method of contraception should be completely different.
Allergy to latex implies the exclusion of contact with absolutely all products made of rubber and latex (gaskets in plumbing, car tires, etc.). Latex should be absent both in everyday life and in clothing. Even balloons to a child are strictly forbidden to inflate. Single cases were described, when the allergic reaction developed for food cooked in rubber gloves, so it is better to refuse from visits to ready-to-eat enterprises in case of severe latex allergy. I also want to say a few words about the synthepone that has already entered our life for a long time. So, to bind its fibers always use a latex-containing substance, so during the choice of bedding, you should prefer a filler made of hollow polyester fiber
Medicinal treatment of allergy to latex
Treatment of this allergic reaction with medicines must necessarily be combined with measures aimed at preventing possible contact with the allergen. When treating allergies with antihistamines, preference is given not to causing drowsiness and not reducing the reaction rate to such modern long-acting drugs as Erius, Telfast, Semprex, Zirtek, Claritin. In case of using antihistamines of the third generation, at least one hour before possible contact with latex, in patients with mild forms of this type of allergy, the symptomatology was extremely insignificant or not manifested at all. Treatment of moderate and severe allergy to latex includes a triad of drugs: glucocorticoid and antihistamine hormones, adrenaline.
The most severe manifestation of this type of allergic reaction is anaphylactic shock, which implies the immediate carrying out of anti-shock measures. Therefore, in severe allergic reactions, patients are shown wearing a special medical bracelet, which will indicate that he has an allergy to latex.