Allergy to hair dye

аллергия на краску для волос фото Allergy to hair dye - an acute allergic reaction of the body to the components that make up all hair dyes. In recent years, this type of allergic reaction is very common. Despite the fact that usually on all packages write: "the paint does not cause allergies", or "hypoallergenic paint", the allergy nevertheless overtakes, as usually all these inscriptions are an ordinary advertising move, increasing sales of this product. The same kind of hair dye for some women will not cause any reactions, while others will result in very painful consequences. That is why, in the case of even full confidence in the absolute harmlessness of the chosen paint, you should first conduct an allergy test.

The test that determines a possible allergic reaction to hair dye is as follows. It is necessary to take an insignificant amount of paint prepared for the further use and apply for a period of not less than a few days on a small area of ​​the skin. Most often for this purpose, women use the elbow bend. In the case of a known irritation of the skin after the specified period, it can be confidently asserted that the chosen paint for further use for the intended purpose is not suitable. With a new paint is also necessary to conduct a similar test.

The most allergenic substance that forms part of almost all hair colors is the paraphenylenediamine used for persistent staining. Colors that do not contain this component are very rare, the color lasts not so long, and they are much more expensive. In some European countries (Sweden, France, Germany), paraphenylene diamine is completely banned, or it is allowed in the maximum permissible concentration of not more than six percent. The most common allergy to hair dye is observed in women who choose darker colors for staining, since in light dyes the proportion of paraphenylenediamine does not exceed two percent.

In addition, allergic reaction can be caused by such substances in the colors as Isatin, 6-hydroxyindole, and p-Methylaminophenol

Allergy to hair dye - symptoms

In most cases, the allergy to hair dye is manifested by dermatitis along the hairline and face. If a severe reaction develops, edema of the entire face can be observed.

The most common reactions that develop when allergic to hair dye:

• Contact urticaria . This condition manifests itself as reddish scaly, flaky spots throughout the body, difficulty in swallowing, wheezing, sneezing, swelling of the eyelids. Symptoms can develop both instantaneously and after a few hours

• Contact dermatitis. It appears scaly itchy red spots on the skin, which usually appear in the line of hair growth, on the tips of the ears and eyelids. As the disease progresses, contact dermatitis can spread to other areas of the face, neck and hands. Usually, this symptomatology lasts no more than ten days, after which even without treatment passes, but if dermatitis is not treated, then with the repeated use of a provoking dye it will appear again

• Anaphylactic shock. This reaction to hair dye is the most dangerous, however, fortunately, it is observed in isolated cases. Anaphylactic shock creates a real threat to life and is manifested by a sharp drop in blood pressure, dyspnea, asphyxia, edema of the face, etc. In case of failure to provide emergency medical care, a fatal outcome is possible

Allergy to hair dye - treatment

What if I develop an allergy to hair dye? First of all, it should be immediately washed off and rub the affected skin with camomile lotion. It is known that chamomile possesses excellent anti-inflammatory properties and as an emergency aid it will work best. Also, for an early withdrawal of toxins from the body, an abundant drink is recommended.

If after a day allergic manifestations have not disappeared, it is worthwhile not delaying, applying for a qualified honey. help to a dermatologist or an allergist who, after identifying a provoking allergen, is likely to be prescribed antihistamines used to treat allergic reactions. To remove the edema, usually apply corticosteroids and cortisone creams.

In some cases, the allergic reaction to paraphenylenediamine is laid down at the genetic level, so if this is confirmed, it is better to refuse hair dyes altogether, or to use natural dyes for staining. Before the beginning of dyeing it is necessary to check the skin of the head for any damage, t. even the slightest abrasion or scratch significantly increases the risk of developing an allergy to hair dye.

In addition, it is desirable to dye your hair in a beauty salon, because there it will do much more accurately and professional hair colors are less aggressive in their composition.

Alternatively, bezammia paints can be used to color the hair, but even they can cause allergy development due to the presence of hydrogen peroxide in them, although it is there in low concentration.

Below we want to bring three recipes of natural hair dyes, which, although not able to change the color of hair radically, but to give the desired shade is quite possible:

• To give a chestnut shade, you can use the following broth: in 200 ml of boiling water, brew 3 tea bags + 1 tsp soluble coffee + 1 tsp cocoa powder

• Blondes for giving a golden hue to hair are recommended to use a decoction of onion husk: 200 ml of boiling water 2 handfuls of husk. Also for these purposes you can use a decoction of chamomile: for 500 ml of water 1 tbsp. spoon of rhizomes of nettle + 1 tbsp. spoon of chamomile flowers

• The most famous natural hair dyes are basma and henna. They are also good because they can be diluted not only with ordinary water, but also with red wine, as well as kefir, to give the desired shade.