Allergy to cosmetics
Today in the arsenal of any woman there is a huge amount of all sorts of auxiliary cosmetic products that help her in daily caring for herself. According to research American Academy of Dermatology, today every adult average person uses at least seven cosmetic products every day.
Contrary to the widely held view that allergy to cosmetics can develop exclusively in people with increased skin sensitivity, there are confirmed by numerous studies that an allergic reaction to cosmetics can be achieved absolutely by any person, regardless of nationality, sex and current age. However, this does not mean that the use of cosmetics should be discarded altogether, simply by selecting it should be guided by a set of specific knowledge, thanks to which it will be possible to select allergen-safe cosmetics. And first of all I want to talk about the symptoms of contact dermatitis, because it is the most common type of allergic reaction to cosmetics.
Symptomatic of contact dermatitis is manifested almost immediately after direct contact with the causative allergen, in our case with any cosmetic means. It manifests itself in areas of flaking reddened skin, minor swelling and a rash reaction. If such symptoms occur when you re-use the cosmetic, you can talk about allergic contact dermatitis
Causes of allergies to cosmetics
Most often, allergy to cosmetics is caused by completely safe at first glance, natural ingredients that are part of cosmetic products, which in fact are not allergens at all. The reason for this reaction of the body lies in its individual characteristics, which in some cases leads to intolerance of absolutely harmless substance for other people. Most often, the development of an allergic reaction is provoked by substances that make up masks and / or facial creams, as well as the body. That is why, if any cosmetics and perfumes of a certain brand provoked the development of an allergy, you should abandon the use of absolutely all products of this cosmetic line. usually the aromatic substances in them are the same.
Another common cause of allergy development is the hypersensitive skin, so people with such sensitive skin cosmetics should be selected very thoroughly and thoughtfully. It is for them that many serious manufacturers of cosmetic products have developed special hypoallergenic drugs. In addition, I would like to separately note that the more qualitatively used cosmetics, the significantly less the risk of an allergic reaction to it, since reputable manufacturers respecting their brand, cosmetics are usually made from natural raw materials, which previously passed a special cleaning.
Allergists in general advise everyone not to buy cosmetics without preliminary testing, and necessarily in the branded stores of the chosen brand. Having chosen the product you like, you should apply a small amount of it to the inner crook of the elbow and go home. If the allergic reaction to the next day did not manifest, then the chosen cosmetic product is suitable and it can safely go buy.
Below we will present a list of substances that most often provoke an allergy to cosmetics:
• Flavors. These ingredients give a pleasant aroma to all cosmetics, but often cause the development of allergies to cosmetics, and an allergic reaction is possible not only to synthetic, but also to natural flavors
• Preservatives. The effect of these ingredients is aimed at increasing the shelf life of cosmetics, but because of the high content of chemicals very aggressively affect the skin. It follows that it is desirable to avoid cosmetic products with a sufficiently long shelf life, and to give preference to cosmetics containing such natural preservatives as essential oils, cranberries or cranberries. It should be remembered that essential oils in people with hypersensitivity can cause an allergic reaction
• Dyes. Despite the fact that heavy metal salts and aniline inks are themselves powerful allergens, they are very often used in the manufacture of various cosmetics. The amount of dye in the selected cosmetics says persistence and color saturation
• Improper storage of cosmetics
Symptoms of an allergy to cosmetics
There are two types of allergic reaction to cosmetics: allergic contact dermatitis and simple contact dermatitis, which is most common in allergies to cosmetics.
Simple contact dermatitis is manifested by an inflammatory lesion of the skin area at the point of direct contact with the allergen. The first symptoms of contact dermatitis include rash, itching, flaking and redness of the skin, the appearance of small watery blisters. Most often the allergic reaction is manifested on the ears, neck, lips, eyes and face skin, although it can occur absolutely on any part of the body.
It should be noted that in the event of any discomfort after the use of a certain cosmetic remedy, it should be discarded immediately. A signal to this will serve as the following symptoms:
• Increased dryness or swelling of the lips
• Often developing in the eyes of barley
• Occurrence of spasms and swelling of eyelids or dark circles under the eyes
• Appearance of intolerable burning and itching of the skin
• In the corners of the gas there are thick mucous discharge
• The appearance of acne
• Inflammation and redness of the skin
Acute allergic reaction to cosmetics develops in very rare cases, more often it is just a slight irritation of the skin, which in the event of rejection of a provoking cosmetic agent passes very quickly
Treatment of allergies to cosmetics
First of all, when you are allergic to cosmetics, you should seek advice from an allergist, because if allergic reactions become a permanent phenomenon, you should undergo appropriate treatment. It must also be done because edema, irritation and rash can only be external manifestations of the cause, which can be covered in various internal diseases and shifts in the immune system.
Priorities in the manifestation of allergies to cosmetics are as follows:
• The applied cosmetics should be completely removed from the face, eyes washed with a strong infusion of St. John's wort or chamomile
• Inject eye with anti-allergic drops
• Take an antihistamine, preferably the third generation
• To reduce the congestion and swelling of the nose, use vasoconstrictive drops
• To remove redness and itching, apply cortisone-based ointments. If the affected areas of the skin were infected, antibiotics
How to prevent allergy to cosmetics
• You should buy the best cosmetics, which contains a minimum number of components. This will not only significantly reduce the risk of allergy to it, but also reduce the possibility of developing a combined response to several components at once
• Personal hygiene should always be in the first place. Always before applying on the face of cosmetics, you should clean it first and wash your hands thoroughly
• All decorative cosmetics should be used only in individual use
• Test the selected product in the store only with a clean applicator, after having wiped the packing opening with alcohol
• All used cosmetics should be kept closed in a clean, dark place
• In the case of an ongoing infectious disease, make-up is better not to use
• Do not use cosmetics with expired shelf life
• Hypoallergenic cosmetics are not yet a complete guarantee of safety, as not all manufacturers carry out its full testing
• Applicators and make-up brushes should very often be thoroughly cleaned from the remnants of cosmetics
• When testing perfumes, they should be applied not to the skin, but to clothing
• To exclude the possibility of getting bacteria, the cream should be applied from the jar with a special spatula
• It is better not to use professional cosmetics, since it usually includes more aggressive and dangerous substances
• Always use new cosmetics before testing.
• Use the cosmetics of one line best, as this will minimize the likelihood of an allergic reaction
• On all purchased cosmetics, you should always read their composition, indicated on the label or package, to immediately have an idea of the dangerous components
In case the allergic reaction occurs on almost all used cosmetic means, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist and an allergist, as the cause of this can be hidden in the body itself, and not in cosmetics.