Allergy to cow protein
An allergy to cow protein is a big enough problem for many parents, since very many young children and newborns suffer intolerance to cow's milk protein. The most common allergy to cow protein is observed in children under the age of one year.
In case of intolerance to cow's milk protein, skin allergic manifestations, as a rule, are the result of a hasty transition to feeding on cow's milk after breastfeeding. This happens more rarely when the baby is fed a cow's milk formula and is caused by an increased sensitivity to the protein structure of the milk of the intestinal receptors. This is due to the fact that different manufacturers of milk mixtures have different structure of the protein, so only in the case of a gradual replacement of a certain formula of milk to the most equal, usually leads to the disappearance of allergic skin manifestations. The replacement of the milk mixture is best coordinated with the pediatrician leading the child, and it should be remembered that in case of frequent changes of milk formulas, allergic manifestations on the skin of the baby will only increase.
The main causes of allergy to cow's milk protein :
• Too hasty transition from breastfeeding, to feeding a baby based on cow milk milk formulas or directly to cow's milk itself
• Feeding a baby milk-based milk formula, the cooking technology of which was broken, i.e. The recommended cooking instructions indicated on the packaging were not clearly implemented. In this case, the prevention of an allergic reaction will be the preparation of a milk formula with a clear implementation of all recommendations
• The transition to feeding the baby with a milk formula was performed against a background of any stressful situation: carrying out preventive vaccinations, hypothermia or overheating of the child, present intestinal dysbacteriosis , colds or for other reasons
In children of the first year of life, allergic diathesis usually develops as a result of lactose intolerance ("milk sugar") - carbohydrate, which is contained in cow's milk, breast milk and milk formulas. Intolerance of milk sugar, according to the advanced theories, develops in the case of hereditary predisposition. Practically every person has friends who drink milk products (contain a small amount of lactose), while categorically refusing milk. In addition to skin allergic reactions, lactose intolerance is manifested by a poor weight gain, constant belching, a loose stool, or on the contrary, constipation, frequent intestinal colic. In the absence of concomitant serious problems (CNS disease, intestinal dysbacteriosis, etc.), lactose intolerance due to hereditary predisposition begins to gradually appear after the first year of life, without further affecting the health and well-being of the child.
The development of allergy to milk formula and milk in case of intolerance to "milk sugar" can reappear against the background of intestinal infection (liquid stool for a long time), provided that the diet is not observed during the treatment and after the illness. Prevention of this is a properly balanced diet, both during the period of illness and during recovery after it.
If the intestinal dysbacteriosis is severe, the baby should be switched to a lactose-free diet, or to a mixture with a low lactose content. In addition, after a previous intestinal infection, it should be for seven to ten days to refrain from introducing new foods into the daily diet. In case the allergy to cow protein is clearly established and the degree of severity of the problem is determined, the question of changing the diet should be for a long time not delaying to decide with the attending physician. This change, depending on the situation, may include switching to feeding with a mixture with complete absence of lactose, switching to a hypoallergenic mixture (these mixtures have a high degree of splitting of cow's milk proteins), a change in diet,
The most popular at the moment are therapeutic mixtures based on soy. These mixtures are used in case of confirmed allergy to cow protein, as well as lactose intolerance.
Intolerance to lactose in combination with cow's milk protein intolerance, the doctor can assume in the event that the expressed anxiety of the baby is combined with intestinal colic, eructations, expressed skin allergic manifestations and changes in the nature of the stool. The most severe allergy to cow protein occurs in children whose adult relatives have suffered from this disease.
Intolerance or allergy to cow's milk protein often occurs against digestive disorders, most often against the background of intestinal dysbacteriosis, whose treatment usually requires a lot of patience and time. In such a situation, the optimal solution is to switch to mixtures based on soy.
Symptoms of allergy to cow protein are variable enough and can manifest as a minor cutaneous discharge, as well as severe digestive disorders, and sometimes systemic manifestations. Precisely determining the allergy to cow's milk protein, there is no characteristic symptom, since it is always a combination of several symptoms. One-half of children are dominated by skin manifestations ( hives , eyelid edema or lips, atopic dermatitis ), while the other half develop intestinal manifestations (vomiting, colic, constipation or diarrhea , frequent regurgitation). In the fifth part of the children, wheezing, chronic cough and runny nose are noted.
The optimal nutrition for absolutely any child is mother's milk, which plays a peculiar protective role for children with an increased risk of developing food allergies. Contained in breast milk mother protein the child absorbs without problems. In addition, mother's milk contains special substances that protect the immature intestines from foreign substances. That's why if the mother refuses to feed the baby with the breast, he becomes predisposed to the development of atopy (atopic dermatitis).
In the case of a confirmed diagnosis - an allergy to the protein of cow's milk, first of all, it is necessary to completely exclude from the daily diet of the baby all products based on cow's milk. In the case of feeding a child with a mixture, it must be urgently replaced with a mixture based on amino acids, or on a highly hydrolyzed hypoallergenic mixture.
In the treatment of allergies to cow protein, as a product of choice, soya-based mixtures are not recommended for children under two years of age, since the content of nutrients (not necessary for newborns and infants) does not meet the needs.
Fortunately, most of the children with this kind of allergy in a lifeless dairy-free diet do not need. The allergy to cow protein is usually resolved a little more slowly than intolerance, but it also passes in the overwhelming majority of children to a maximum of four years.