Allergy to mosquitoes
Allergy to mosquito bites (kulicidosis) is the response allergic reaction of the body to the ingress of the allergen contained in the saliva to the blood stream. As a rule, mosquitoes do not represent a real danger to human health, although in some developing countries, they sometimes act as carriers of vector-borne diseases, such as tularemia and malaria. Where a more dangerous condition is the allergy to mosquito bites, which is observed in a fairly large population of the Earth
Allergy to mosquitoes - symptoms
In response to the bite of these blood-sucking insects, both normal and allergic reactions can develop. If an itchy red papule is observed at the site of the bite, it is not worth worrying, as this is quite a normal reaction to a mosquito bite. When bitten, this bloodsucker produces biologically active substances that cause a local inflammatory response.
And quite another thing, when a large enough red spot develops at the site of the bite (sometimes it reaches up to ten centimeters in diameter), which visibly rises above the surface of the skin and itchs incredibly. This is the allergy to mosquito bites , more precisely its local form, which is judged by its severity as light.
In case of involvement in the pathological process of the whole body, one can speak of allergic dermatitis or a generalized allergic reaction. Symptoms of this form are that throughout the surface of the body there is redness of the skin, severe itching and hives . This reaction is also considered a mild form of allergy, so it is unnecessary to over-dramatize the current situation.
If internal organs and mucous membranes of the respiratory tract are involved in the pathological process, it is an allergy to mosquitoes of moderate severity. The patient has abdominal pain, shortness of breath, dizziness and nausea.
In the case of dyspnea transformation into attacks of suffocation and if nausea is accompanied by vomiting with severe pain in the epigastric region - this is a severe form of allergy requiring immediate emergency care.
Suffocation, a sharp decrease in blood pressure and loss of consciousness indicate the development of a person in this extremely life-threatening condition as anaphylactic shock . On the bites of insects, such a reaction of the body is extremely rare, but allergic people should always bear in mind the likelihood of this complication
Allergy to mosquito bites in children
Allergy to mosquitoes in children by their manifestations is no different from an allergic reaction in adults and can manifest itself as minor clinical changes, and the development of anaphylactic shock. That is why, without exception, all parents in case of emergency must be able to timely provide adequate correct first aid to your baby.
Most often the immune system of the child copes independently with the penetrated allergen, but sometimes a weak child's body can not neutralize this allergic reaction. In the event that unpleasant sensations and skin manifestations are observed for more than a day, and the places of bites are strongly inflamed, you should not hesitate to contact an allergist. Often, places of allergy to mosquito bites make lotions with furatsilinom. In any case, parents should not panic and if all the recommendations of the treating doctor are followed, the mosquito allergy will very quickly recede.
The main common symptoms that can occur in children with mosquito bites are: lethargy and deterioration in the overall well-being of the baby, fever, shortness of breath, cough with viscous sputum, runny nose, lacrimation, anaphylaxis ( headache , fever, lowering of blood pressure, pale skin ). Local symptoms of this allergic reaction include: at the site of the bite, swelling and skin tightening, itching can develop with the appearance of blisters, change in the color of swollen skin (becomes pink or pale white), scratching of the skin
Allergy from mosquitoes - treatment
Tactics of treatment, both children and adults, directly depends on the current severity of the allergic reaction. In the case when there is only a slight itching, it will be sufficient to put a compress on the bite site with an anti-inflammatory drug. But with the development of strong allergic reactions without the help of a specialist can not do. If there is a strong allergy to mosquito bites - treatment should be performed only by a qualified allergist.
Today , allergy medications are very diverse and many of them are sold without a prescription. Therefore, even before the doctor's visit, allergic manifestations can be independently suppressed by such antihistamines as Suprastin, Claritin, Dimedrol, etc. However, these medications can only be used as a first aid with an insect bite and do not take them systematically without the appropriate appointment of the treating doctor.
At home, itching can be removed by repeatedly wiping the bite with a weak baking soda solution. In addition, it is recommended to treat the place of damage with a tincture of propolis, calendula, corvalol, boric alcohol, cut a bulb or a tomato. If the home of all of the above funds was not found, you can buy at the nearest pharmacy, such antihistamines as Fenistil gel or Sovenent. Immediately after the appearance of signs of an allergic reaction, you can take a tablet of Suprastin.