Coughing is not always a symptom of colds or other acute respiratory viral infections. Sometimes the cause of annoying strong dry cough may be some allergic disease. It is in this case that the so-called allergic cough develops, it is often difficult to distinguish which from the common cold, especially if before that no allergic diseases were observed in a person. Usual cough is usually accompanied by a slight increase in temperature, a runny nose and sore throat. But if the cough is allergic, everything is somewhat more complicated.
Allergic cough is often paroxysmal and can begin at any time of the day, although somewhat more often at night. Usually, cough for allergy secretions (sputum) is not accompanied, and if they are excreted, then without the admixture of pus and completely transparent. This condition can often be observed for weeks and if it is not accompanied by fever, it is worth considering about contacting a doctor.
Allergic cough is inherently not a separate disease, but as it is often called a cough variant of allergic bronchial asthma. In other words, it is one of the many symptoms of any ongoing allergic disease. This kind of cough occurs due to the effect on the upper respiratory tract of a provoking allergen. Usually it is directly associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the throat, trachea and bronchi.
The causes of the development of an allergic cough are always in a person's environment. These are the so-called allergens (these include cigarette smoke, house dust, animal hair particles, pollen of all kinds of plants, etc.) that fall with inhaled air into the body and cause this negative reaction, which is manifested by a bout of dry prolonged coughing. The main problem lies in the precise definition of the allergen provoking this state and excluding direct contact with it. Allergic cough in children is provoked by the same allergens that cause it in adults
Allergic cough - symptoms
Allergic cough usually manifests suddenly, paroxysmally and proceeds without temperature, but often combined with a runny nose, for at least two to three weeks. Cough seizures themselves usually last no more than two to four minutes and pass as suddenly as they begin.
If cough is not accompanied by high fever, he is dry and practically tearing his throat, most likely he is allergic.
Allergic cough in children usually accompanies sneezing, itching in the nose, a runny nose and difficulty (up to choking) breathing. The absence of temperature is one of the hallmarks of an allergic cough.
If, at some point in the ball, the relationship between the development of cough and contact with a certain substance is noted - most likely this symptom is of an allergic nature, and you should not hesitate to seek help from an allergist who, after a simple diagnosis, will identify the causative allergen and prescribe the appropriate treatment
Allergic cough - treatment
It is desirable to begin to treat an allergic cough immediately after its appearance, since if the treatment of an allergy is postponed, the disease usually goes into a chronic stage. Often, untreated allergic cough is transformed into serious diseases such as chronic bronchitis and / or bronchial asthma . Treatment of an allergic cough is long enough and implies unquestioning and strict observance of all the prescriptions of the attending physician.
After identifying the culprit for the development of this condition, the primary task is to minimize contact with the causative allergen, and even better (if possible), its complete exclusion from everyday life. If the reason lies in allergies to the pet's pet hair, unfortunately, he will have to part with it. If a pollen allergy is diagnosed, the doctor will recommend that you stay out of the premises as little as possible. When an allergic cough on household dust should be twice a day to clean the dwelling wet and buy an air purifier with ionization function.
For rapid elimination of allergic cough, antihistamines are recommended, which can not be cured completely, but an unpleasant symptom will be eliminated after fifteen or twenty minutes. Somewhat worse is the syrup and lollipops from the usual cough. Supporters of folk cure for an allergic cough can be advised to prepare a decoction of 1 teaspoon of soda, 1 tbsp. spoons of flower honey and several (5-7) bay leaves. Chilled broth should be drunk immediately after each cough. I would like to draw your attention to the fact that if the allergy to pollen is diagnosed, then this method is not suitable!
In the case of timely initiation of treatment for an allergic cough, the prognosis is quite optimistic. All of the above methods can be used to relieve allergic cough, but they can not cure the allergy itself
Prevention of an allergic cough
In some cases, the allergic cough and its accompanying symptoms clearly indicate a certain external stimulant of the symptomatic stimulus, but it is usually difficult to determine the specific cause of allergy development. If a food allergy has been diagnosed, it is necessary to remove absolutely all the associated allergic reaction-provoking products from the daily ration.
However, most often the allergic cough is caused by so-called "home allergens", including domestic dust, library dust, animal hair, house dust mites, etc. Since coughing usually develops at night, it is always necessary to ventilate the living room before going to bed, or even better , if the airing will be carried out during the entire time of sleep. Dust should be cleaned daily. In the case of allergy to wool, it is increasingly difficult, as it will have to make a difficult choice, which is more important - a pet or well-being.
At an allergic cough the doctor necessarily will advise several times a day to rinse a nasopharynx and a mouth cavity warm water. This procedure must be carried out after every return from the street. Also, if possible, patients should try to use cosmetics and hygiene products on a natural basis.