Acrodynia is a disease of the nervous system of an unclear etiology that is characterized by behavioral changes, up to pronounced mental disorders. Also, the acronia is expressed by polymorphous changes on the skin of the extremities (peeling, acro-erythema, papules, and in some cases necrotic changes). Mainly occurs in children under five years of age
To date, the causes of this disease are not established, but there are several hypotheses:
1. This is an infectious disease that is caused by an unknown virus
2. The disease develops against the background of metabolic disorders of an avitaminous nature (hypovitaminosis B6)
3. The occurrence of akrodinia is associated with autointoxication
4. The disease is caused by a neuro-allergic reaction to any harmful substances
5. Infections of the central nervous system (encephalitis and poliomyelitis)
- Skin rashes (usually manifest from December to May) are accompanied by pain and severe itching
- There is a profuse sweating
- There are neuropsychic abnormalities
- Cardiovascular and gastrointestinal disturbances are possible
In some cases, acrodynia occurs: muscle hypotension, paralysis, and convulsive seizures.
Manifestations of acridity from the mucous membranes:
- Ulcerative stomatitis
In most recorded cases, this disease begins with an increase in overall body temperature, loss of appetite, photophobia, anxiety and anguish. There are changes in behavior, there is a tendency to solitude. There is also a cold snap of the skin of the feet and brushes. There are pains and severe itching on the affected parts of the skin. In some cases, skin peeling, hyperhidrosis, graying and hair loss are observed.
In the case of wetting cold skin with the affected skin of the limbs - the pain subsides significantly
First of all, a full-fledged regular diet is needed. Assign detoxification therapy, the introduction of vitamins (B1, B6, C, nicotinic acid). Prescribe anticholinergic drugs (belladonna, atropine, etc.), sedatives (trioxazine), antihistamines (pipolfen, dimedrol).
In combination with medications, physiotherapy (UFO) and hydrotherapy
Acrodonia can last for weeks, months and even years and often ends in spontaneous healing.
In most cases, with a timely-appointed adequate treatment, the prognosis is quite favorable, but in severe cases (extremely rare) a lethal outcome is possible.