Lung sarcoidosis

саркоидоз легких фото Sarcoidosis of the lungs is a systemic disease accompanied by the formation of granulomas, consisting of Piragov-Langhans cells and epithelial cells. Granulomas are also a diagnostic sign that is detected by microscopic examination, however, sarcoid nodules are not accompanied by caseous necrosis and Read the full entry »


гиперкалиемия фото Hyperkalemia is a rise in the concentration of potassium ions in the human blood above the level of 5 mmol / l. The cause of hyperkalemia can be either the release of potassium ions from the intracellular space outside, or a violation of its excretion by the excretory system, in particular the kidneys. Sometimes the cause may be dehydration Read the full entry »


мукополисахаридоз фото Mucopolysaccharidosis is a complex of genetically determined pathologies, having unified pathogenetic mechanisms of development, consisting in incomplete destruction and accumulation of mucopolysaccharides. Clinical picture Read the rest of this entry »


липодистрофия фото Lipodystrophy is a hypoplasia of the subcutaneous fat layer in the projection of the upper half of the trunk with simultaneous excessive accumulation of adipose tissue in the projection of the lower extremities, the lower half of the abdomen and buttocks, caused by severe metabolic disturbances. Read the rest of this entry »

Mitral valve insufficiency

недостаточность митрального клапана фото Mitral valve insufficiency is the development of regurgitation of arterial blood in the cavities of the left heart during the systolic contraction of the ventricular myocardium, which occurs against the background of disturbed closure of the mitral valve fold structures.

On the share of an isolated defect in the form of mitral insufficiency Read the rest of this entry »

Hypovolemic shock

гиповолемический шок фото Hypovolemic shock is a critical condition of the body that occurs in the case of a sharp decrease in the effective volume of circulating blood. The name of the term "shock" comes from a French or English consonant word, which is literally Read the full entry »


гиперлипидемия фото Hyperlipidemia is an abnormal increase in the lipoprotein content of various fractions in the circulating blood. The fact of the presence of hyperlipidemia in humans is a risk factor for the occurrence of chronic progressive diseases of the heart and blood vessels, aggravating Read the full post »


гипокалиемия фото Hypokalemia is a symptom that is manifested by low potassium content in tissues. The acceptable amount of potassium in the plasma is at least 3.5 mmol / l. The drop in concentration below this indicator indicates the occurrence of an electrolyte Read the full entry »